Prospective randomised controlled trial of transobturator tapes in management of urodynamic stress incontinence in women: 3-year outcomes from the Evaluation of Transobturator Tapes study

Mohamed Abdel-fattah, Alyaa Mostafa, Akinbowale Familusi, Ian Ramsay, James N'Dow

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BACKGROUND: There is a lack of information on the long-term outcomes of transobturator tension-free vaginal tape (TO-TVT) in the surgical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). OBJECTIVES: To assess the 3-yr outcomes following TO-TVT and to compare the effectiveness of inside-out versus outside-in approaches. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A 3-yr follow-up study of the Evaluation of Transobturator Tapes (E-TOT) trial, a randomised controlled trial (RCT) conducted with women undergoing TO-TVT as a sole procedure between April 2005 and April 2007 in a tertiary urogynaecology centre in the United Kingdom. INTERVENTION: Patients (n=341) were randomised to undergo either TVT-O (Ethicon Inc., Somerville, NJ, USA) for the inside-out approach or TOT-Aris (Coloplast Corp., Minneapolis, MN, USA) for the outside-in approach. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The primary outcome was patient-reported success rate. Secondary outcomes included further treatment for SUI, improvement in quality of life, late complications, and risk factors for late failures. Categorical variables were compared using the chi-square or Fisher exact test. Within-group comparison was undertaken using Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests. Risk factors for late failures were assessed in a multivariate regression model. All statistical analysis was performed using SPSS v.18.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: The 3-yr follow-up was completed by 238 of the 341 women (70%). The overall success rate, based on Patient's Global Impression of Improvement response, was 73.1%, with no significant difference between the inside-out and the outside-in TO-TVT (73.18% vs 72.3%; odds ratio: 0.927; 95% confidence interval, 0.552-1.645; p=0.796). Compared with the 1-yr follow-up, there was a significant reduction in the patient-reported success rate (p=0.005); however, no independent risk factors were identified. A clinically significant improvement (=10 points) was seen in 80% (n=191) of women, with no significant difference between both groups (p=0.113). Twenty-two women (6%) underwent further surgical treatment within 3 yr. The lack of an objective outcome assessment is a potential limitation of this RCT. CONCLUSIONS: The E-TOT RCT showed a 73% patient-reported success rate for TO-TVT at 3-yr follow-up, with no significant differences between inside-out and outside-in approaches. There was a significant drop in patient-reported success rates between 1 and 3 yr.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)843-851
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Urology
Issue number5
Early online date13 Apr 2012
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012



  • transobturator tapes
  • tension-free vaginal tapes
  • stress urinary incontinence

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