Provenance patterns in a neotectonic basin: Pliocene and Quaternary sediment supply to the South Caspian

Andrew Clifford Morton, M. B. Allen, M. D. Simmons, F. Spathopoulos, John W Still, A. Ismail-Zadeh, S. Kroonenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The South Caspian Basin has accumulated a sedimentary succession similar to20 km thick. Roughly half of this was deposited in the last 5.5 Ma, mainly in the largely lower Pliocene, fluvio-lacustrine Productive Series, which is also the principal hydrocarbon reservoir succession in the basin. Heavy mineral data identify different sediment sources for both Productive Series sandstones and modern river sands. Lesser Caucasus sediment was supplied by the Palaeo-Kura into the western part of the South Caspian Basin. Productive Series strata in the north of the basin were supplied by the Palaeo-Volga, and represent a mixture of sediment from the Greater Caucasus and Russian Platform/Urals. Greater Caucasus sand input to the Palaeo-Volga increased at the start of deposition of the Pereriva Suite, which is an important reservoir subunit of the Productive Series. We interpret this provenance shift as indicating enhanced uplift and exhumation of the Greater Caucasus within the Pliocene, during regional re-organization of the Arabia-Eurasia collision, although late Cenozoic climate changes may have played a role.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-337
Number of pages16
JournalBasin Research
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • HEAVY MINERAL ASSEMBLAGES
  • ACTIVE TECTONICS
  • SEA
  • CONSTRAINTS
  • SANDSTONES
  • SUBSIDENCE
  • AZERBAIJAN
  • DEPRESSION
  • MOUNTAINS
  • CAUCASUS

Cite this

Morton, A. C., Allen, M. B., Simmons, M. D., Spathopoulos, F., Still, J. W., Ismail-Zadeh, A., & Kroonenberg, S. (2003). Provenance patterns in a neotectonic basin: Pliocene and Quaternary sediment supply to the South Caspian. Basin Research, 15(3), 321-337. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2117.2003.00208.x