Psychosocial morbidity in women with abnormal cervical cytology managed by cytological surveillance or initial colposcopy: longitudinal analysis from the TOMBOLA randomised trial

S. Fielding, K Rothnie, N M Gray, J. Little, M.E. Cruickshank, K. Neal, L.G. Walker, D. Whynes, S.C. Cotton, L. Sharp

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3 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Objective
To compare psychosocial outcomes (follow-up related worries, and satisfaction with follow-up related information and support) over 30 months of two alternative management policies for women with low-grade abnormal cervical cytology.
Methods
Women aged 20-59 years with low-grade cytological abnormalities detected in the NHS Cervical Screening Programme were randomised to cytological surveillance or initial colposcopy. 3399 women who completed psychosocial questionnaires at recruitment, were invited to complete questionnaires at 12, 18, 24 and 30 months. Linear mixed models were used to investigate differences between arms in the two psychosocial outcomes. Each outcome had a maximum score of 100 and higher scores represented higher psychosocial morbidity.
Results
On average, over 30 months women randomised to colposcopy scored 2.5 points (95%CI -3.6 to -1.3) lower for follow-up related worries than women randomised to cytological surveillance. Women in the colposcopy arm also scored significantly lower for follow-up related satisfaction with information and support (-2.4; -3.3 to -1.4) over 30 months. For both outcomes, the average difference between arms was greatest at 12 and 18 month time-points. These differences remained when the analysis was stratified by post-school education.
Conclusions
Women with low-grade cytology, irrespective of their management, have substantial initial psychosocial morbidity that reduces over time. Implementation of newer screening strategies which include surveillance, such as primary HPV screening, need to consider the information and support provided to women.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)476–483
Number of pages8
JournalPsycho-Oncology
Volume26
Issue number4
Early online date14 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • cancer
  • oncology
  • colonoscopy
  • cytology
  • psychosocial morbidity

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