An alpha-tocopherol-binding protein has been isolated and purified from rabbit heart cytosol. The purified protein had an apparent molecular mass of 14,200, as derived from SDS-PAGE. The content of the protein in rabbit heart was around 11.8 mug per g of tissue. The binding of alpha-tocopherol to the purified protein was rapid, reversible, and saturable. Neither gamma nor delta tocopherol could displace the bound alpha-tocopherol from the protein, suggesting a high specificity for alpha-tocopherol. Alpha-Tocopherol-binding protein did not bind oleate. Transfer of alpha-tocopherol from liposomes to mitochondria was stimulated 8-fold in the presence of the binding protein, suggesting that this protein may be involved in the intracellular transport of alpha-tocopherol in the heart.
- D-alpha-tocopherol (vitamin-E)
- alpha-tocopherol-binding protein
- alpha-tocopherol transfer
- rabbit heart