Putting plant resistance traits on the map

a test of the idea that plants are better defended at lower latitudes

Angela T Moles, Ian R Wallis, William J Foley, David I Warton, James C Stegen, Alejandro J Bisigato, Lucrecia Cella-Pizarro, Connie J Clark, Philippe S Cohen, William K Cornwell, Will Edwards, Rasmus Ejrnaes, Therany Gonzales-Ojeda, Bente J Graae, Gregory Hay, Fainess C Lumbwe, Benjamín Magaña-Rodríguez, Ben D Moore, Pablo L Peri, John R Poulsen & 28 others Ruan Veldtman, Hugo von Zeipel, Nigel R Andrew, Sarah L Boulter, Elizabeth T Borer, Florencia Fernández Campón, Moshe Coll, Alejandro G Farji-Brener, Jane De Gabriel, Enrique Jurado, Line A Kyhn, Bill Low, Christa P H Mulder, Kathryn Reardon-Smith, Jorge Rodríguez-Velázquez, Eric W Seabloom, Peter A Vesk, An van Cauter, Matthew S Waldram, Zheng Zheng, Pedro G Blendinger, Brian J Enquist, Jose M Facelli, Tiffany Knight, Jonathan D Majer, Miguel Martínez-Ramos, Peter McQuillan, Lynda D Prior

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has long been believed that plant species from the tropics have higher levels of traits associated with resistance to herbivores than do species from higher latitudes. A meta-analysis recently showed that the published literature does not support this theory. However, the idea has never been tested using data gathered with consistent methods from a wide range of latitudes. • We quantified the relationship between latitude and a broad range of chemical and physical traits across 301 species from 75 sites world-wide. • Six putative resistance traits, including tannins, the concentration of lipids (an indicator of oils, waxes and resins), and leaf toughness were greater in high-latitude species. Six traits, including cyanide production and the presence of spines, were unrelated to latitude. Only ash content (an indicator of inorganic substances such as calcium oxalates and phytoliths) and the properties of species with delayed greening were higher in the tropics. • Our results do not support the hypothesis that tropical plants have higher levels of resistance traits than do plants from higher latitudes. If anything, plants have higher resistance toward the poles. The greater resistance traits of high-latitude species might be explained by the greater cost of losing a given amount of leaf tissue in low-productivity environments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-788
Number of pages12
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume191
Issue number3
Early online date3 May 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

Fingerprint

testing
Calcium Oxalate
Herbivory
Waxes
Tannins
Cyanides
tropics
Meta-Analysis
Oils
Spine
phytoliths
calcium oxalate
Lipids
Costs and Cost Analysis
cyanides
ash content
waxes
meta-analysis
resins
tannins

Keywords

  • global patterns
  • latitude
  • leaf-size
  • leaf toughness
  • lipid
  • plant-traits
  • plant-animal interactions
  • tannin

Cite this

Moles, A. T., Wallis, I. R., Foley, W. J., Warton, D. I., Stegen, J. C., Bisigato, A. J., ... Prior, L. D. (2011). Putting plant resistance traits on the map: a test of the idea that plants are better defended at lower latitudes. New Phytologist, 191(3), 777-788. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03732.x

Putting plant resistance traits on the map : a test of the idea that plants are better defended at lower latitudes. / Moles, Angela T; Wallis, Ian R; Foley, William J; Warton, David I; Stegen, James C; Bisigato, Alejandro J; Cella-Pizarro, Lucrecia; Clark, Connie J; Cohen, Philippe S; Cornwell, William K; Edwards, Will; Ejrnaes, Rasmus; Gonzales-Ojeda, Therany; Graae, Bente J; Hay, Gregory; Lumbwe, Fainess C; Magaña-Rodríguez, Benjamín; Moore, Ben D; Peri, Pablo L; Poulsen, John R; Veldtman, Ruan; von Zeipel, Hugo; Andrew, Nigel R; Boulter, Sarah L; Borer, Elizabeth T; Campón, Florencia Fernández; Coll, Moshe; Farji-Brener, Alejandro G; De Gabriel, Jane; Jurado, Enrique; Kyhn, Line A; Low, Bill; Mulder, Christa P H; Reardon-Smith, Kathryn; Rodríguez-Velázquez, Jorge; Seabloom, Eric W; Vesk, Peter A; van Cauter, An; Waldram, Matthew S; Zheng, Zheng; Blendinger, Pedro G; Enquist, Brian J; Facelli, Jose M; Knight, Tiffany; Majer, Jonathan D; Martínez-Ramos, Miguel; McQuillan, Peter; Prior, Lynda D.

In: New Phytologist, Vol. 191, No. 3, 08.2011, p. 777-788.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moles, AT, Wallis, IR, Foley, WJ, Warton, DI, Stegen, JC, Bisigato, AJ, Cella-Pizarro, L, Clark, CJ, Cohen, PS, Cornwell, WK, Edwards, W, Ejrnaes, R, Gonzales-Ojeda, T, Graae, BJ, Hay, G, Lumbwe, FC, Magaña-Rodríguez, B, Moore, BD, Peri, PL, Poulsen, JR, Veldtman, R, von Zeipel, H, Andrew, NR, Boulter, SL, Borer, ET, Campón, FF, Coll, M, Farji-Brener, AG, De Gabriel, J, Jurado, E, Kyhn, LA, Low, B, Mulder, CPH, Reardon-Smith, K, Rodríguez-Velázquez, J, Seabloom, EW, Vesk, PA, van Cauter, A, Waldram, MS, Zheng, Z, Blendinger, PG, Enquist, BJ, Facelli, JM, Knight, T, Majer, JD, Martínez-Ramos, M, McQuillan, P & Prior, LD 2011, 'Putting plant resistance traits on the map: a test of the idea that plants are better defended at lower latitudes', New Phytologist, vol. 191, no. 3, pp. 777-788. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03732.x
Moles, Angela T ; Wallis, Ian R ; Foley, William J ; Warton, David I ; Stegen, James C ; Bisigato, Alejandro J ; Cella-Pizarro, Lucrecia ; Clark, Connie J ; Cohen, Philippe S ; Cornwell, William K ; Edwards, Will ; Ejrnaes, Rasmus ; Gonzales-Ojeda, Therany ; Graae, Bente J ; Hay, Gregory ; Lumbwe, Fainess C ; Magaña-Rodríguez, Benjamín ; Moore, Ben D ; Peri, Pablo L ; Poulsen, John R ; Veldtman, Ruan ; von Zeipel, Hugo ; Andrew, Nigel R ; Boulter, Sarah L ; Borer, Elizabeth T ; Campón, Florencia Fernández ; Coll, Moshe ; Farji-Brener, Alejandro G ; De Gabriel, Jane ; Jurado, Enrique ; Kyhn, Line A ; Low, Bill ; Mulder, Christa P H ; Reardon-Smith, Kathryn ; Rodríguez-Velázquez, Jorge ; Seabloom, Eric W ; Vesk, Peter A ; van Cauter, An ; Waldram, Matthew S ; Zheng, Zheng ; Blendinger, Pedro G ; Enquist, Brian J ; Facelli, Jose M ; Knight, Tiffany ; Majer, Jonathan D ; Martínez-Ramos, Miguel ; McQuillan, Peter ; Prior, Lynda D. / Putting plant resistance traits on the map : a test of the idea that plants are better defended at lower latitudes. In: New Phytologist. 2011 ; Vol. 191, No. 3. pp. 777-788.
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AU - Moles, Angela T

AU - Wallis, Ian R

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AU - Warton, David I

AU - Stegen, James C

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AU - Clark, Connie J

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AU - Rodríguez-Velázquez, Jorge

AU - Seabloom, Eric W

AU - Vesk, Peter A

AU - van Cauter, An

AU - Waldram, Matthew S

AU - Zheng, Zheng

AU - Blendinger, Pedro G

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AU - Martínez-Ramos, Miguel

AU - McQuillan, Peter

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KW - latitude

KW - leaf-size

KW - leaf toughness

KW - lipid

KW - plant-traits

KW - plant-animal interactions

KW - tannin

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