Quality of Care in Hip Fracture Patients: The Relationship Between Adherence to National Standards and Improved Outcomes

Luke Farrow, Andrew Hall, Adrian D. Wood, Rik Smith, Kate James, Graeme Holt, Phyo K. Myint, James Hutchison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background: Optimizing the perioperative care of patients with a hip fracture is a key health-care priority. We aimed to determine whether adherence to the Scottish Standards of Care for Hip Fracture Patients (SSCHFP) was associated with improved patient outcomes.Methods: In this retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected data from the Scottish National Hip Fracture Audit, we assessed adherence to the SSCHFP in 21 Scottish hospitals over a 9-month period in 2014 and examined the effect of the guidelines on 30 and 120-day mortality, length of hospital stay, and discharge destination.Results: A total of 1,162 patients who were ≥50 years old and admitted with a hip fracture were included. There was a significant association between low adherence to the SSCHFP and increased mortality at 30 and 120 days (odds ratio [OR], 3.58 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.75 to 7.32; p < 0.001] and 2.01 [95% CI, 1.28 to 3.12; p = 0.003], respectively). Low adherence was associated with a reduced likelihood of a short length of stay (OR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.78; p < 0.0001), but increased odds of discharge to a high-care setting (OR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.12 to 2.36; p = 0.01). Early physiotherapy input and occupational therapy input were associated with a reduced likelihood of discharge to a high-care setting (OR, 0.64 [95% CI, 0.44 to 0.98; p = 0.04] and 0.34 [95% CI, 0.23 to 0.48; p <0.001], respectively).Conclusions: Adherence to the SSCHFP is associated with better patient outcomes. These findings confirm the clinical utility of the SSCHFP and support their use as a benchmarking tool to improve quality of care for hip fractures.Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-757
Number of pages7
JournalThe Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. American Volume
Volume100
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2018

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