Background: Optimizing the perioperative care of patients with a hip fracture is a key health-care priority. We aimed to determine whether adherence to the Scottish Standards of Care for Hip Fracture Patients (SSCHFP) was associated with improved patient outcomes.Methods: In this retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected data from the Scottish National Hip Fracture Audit, we assessed adherence to the SSCHFP in 21 Scottish hospitals over a 9-month period in 2014 and examined the effect of the guidelines on 30 and 120-day mortality, length of hospital stay, and discharge destination.Results: A total of 1,162 patients who were ≥50 years old and admitted with a hip fracture were included. There was a significant association between low adherence to the SSCHFP and increased mortality at 30 and 120 days (odds ratio [OR], 3.58 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.75 to 7.32; p < 0.001] and 2.01 [95% CI, 1.28 to 3.12; p = 0.003], respectively). Low adherence was associated with a reduced likelihood of a short length of stay (OR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.78; p < 0.0001), but increased odds of discharge to a high-care setting (OR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.12 to 2.36; p = 0.01). Early physiotherapy input and occupational therapy input were associated with a reduced likelihood of discharge to a high-care setting (OR, 0.64 [95% CI, 0.44 to 0.98; p = 0.04] and 0.34 [95% CI, 0.23 to 0.48; p <0.001], respectively).Conclusions: Adherence to the SSCHFP is associated with better patient outcomes. These findings confirm the clinical utility of the SSCHFP and support their use as a benchmarking tool to improve quality of care for hip fractures.Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. American Volume|
|Publication status||Published - 2 May 2018|