When a dynamical system exhibits transient chaos and a nonchaotic attractor, as in a periodic window, noise can induce a chaotic attractor. In particular, when the noise amplitude exceeds a critical value, the largest Lyapunov exponent of the attractor of the system starts to increase from zero. While a scaling law for the variation of the Lyapunov exponent with noise was uncovered previously, it is mostly based on numerical evidence and a heuristic analysis. This paper presents a more general approach to the scaling law, one based on the concept of quasipotentials. Besides providing deeper insights into the problem of noise-induced chaos, the quasipotential approach enables previously unresolved issues to be addressed. The fractal properties of noise-induced chaotic attractors and applications to biological systems are also discussed.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics|
|Publication status||Published - May 2010|