Randomised controlled trial comparing rubber band ligation with stapled haemorrhoidopexy for Grade II circumferential haemorrhoids: Long-term results

V. Shanmugam, G. Muthukumarasamy, Jonathan Alistair Cook, Luke David Vale, Angus Watson, M. A. Loudon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objective An improved understanding of the pathophysiology of haemorrhoids has resulted in the introduction of new surgical techniques including stapled haemorrhoidopexy (SH). This randomized controlled trial compared the long-term effectiveness of SH with rubber band ligation (RBL) in the treatment of grade II circumferential symptomatic haemorrhoids.

Method A consecutive cohort of patients was randomly allocated to either SH or RBL. Data on haemorrhoidal symptoms, Cleveland continence scores, sphincter assessment, SF-36, EQ-5D, HAD score and prior treatment history were assessed at enrolment and reassessed by long-term postal questionnaire. The details were analysed using spssTM 12.0 from MicrosoftTM Access®.

Results Sixty patients were allocated by computer block randomization. Both groups were balanced for age, sex and symptoms. Recurrence favoured SH [3 vs 11; OR 0.18, 95% CI (0.03 to 0.86), P = 0.028] at 1 year and, at a mean of 40.67 (31–47) months [4 vs 12; OR 0.23, 95% CI (0.05, 0.95); P = 0.039]. SH patients experienced prolonged pain [Median (IQR) = 7 (5,7) vs 3 (1,7), P = 0.008] and took a longer time to return to work [6 (3,7) vs 3 (1,6) days, P = 0.018]. This was no significant difference in quality of life.

Conclusion Stapled haemorrhoidopexy achieved better disease control at 1 year without any major complication. This was sustained in the long-term. Further studies with greater patient numbers are needed to confirm this study.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)579-586
Number of pages8
JournalColorectal Disease
Volume12
Issue number6
Early online date27 Mar 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • haemorrhoids
  • stapled haemorrhoidopexy
  • rubber band ligation
  • randomized controlled trial

Cite this