Re-examination of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) immune response to flagellin: Yersinia ruckeri flagellin is a potent activator of acute phase proteins, anti-microbial peptides and pro-inflammatory cytokines in vitro

Eakapol Wangkahart, Callum Scott, Christopher J. Secombes, Tiehui Wang

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Flagellin is the principal component of bacterial flagellum and a major target of the host immune system. To provide new insights into the role of flagellin in fish immune responses to flagellated microorganisms, a recombinant flagellin from Y. ruckeri (rYRF) was produced and its bioactivity investigated in the trout macrophage cell line RTS-11 and head kidney cells. rYRF is a potent activator of pro-inflammatory cytokines, acute phase proteins, antimicrobial peptides and subunits of the IL-12 cytokine family. This and the synergy seen with IFN-γ to enhance further expression of specific IL-12 and TNF-α isoforms may suggest that flagellin could be a useful immune stimulant or adjuvant for use in aquaculture. Gene paralogues were often differentially modulated, highlighting the need to study all of the paralogues of immune genes in fish to gain a full understanding of the effects of PAMPs or other stimulants, and the potential immune responses elicited.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-87
Number of pages13
JournalDevelopmental and Comparative Immunology
Early online date21 Dec 2015
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016



  • flagellin
  • Yersinia ruckeri
  • rainbow trout
  • cytokine
  • acute phase protein
  • antimicrobial peptide

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