Reactions of acetic acid on UO2(111) single crystal surfaces

S V Chong, Hicham Idriss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reactions of acetic acid have been investigated on the (111) surface of uranium dioxide single crystals, which was characterized by low energy electron diffraction and Auger electron spectroscopy. Temperature programmed desorption (TPD) of this molecule displays a rich chemistry on both the stoichiometric and electron beam sputtered surfaces. Acetic acid-TPD on a stoichiometric surface yields ketene (dehydration) as the main product, plus acetaldehyde as the minor product. On an electron beam sputtered surface, two additional association products were observed-butene and crotonaldehyde. The carbon yield of ketene on the stoichiometric surface was comparable to that of CeO2(111) and TiO2(001), higher than that of ZnO(0001) and Cu2O(100), but lower than that of MgO(100). This investigation has shown the ability of UO2(111) surfaces to dehydrate, reduce, and reductively couple organic molecules. (C) 2000 American Vacuum Society: [S0734-2101(00)04204-4].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1900-1905
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science & Technology. A, Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films
Volume18
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • URANIUM-DIOXIDE
  • REACTION PATHWAYS
  • OXIDE
  • DECOMPOSITION
  • UO2
  • EXCITATIONS
  • ADSORPTION
  • OXIDATION
  • METHANOL
  • DEFECTS

Cite this

Reactions of acetic acid on UO2(111) single crystal surfaces. / Chong, S V ; Idriss, Hicham.

In: Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology. A, Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, Vol. 18, No. 4, 2000, p. 1900-1905.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The reactions of acetic acid have been investigated on the (111) surface of uranium dioxide single crystals, which was characterized by low energy electron diffraction and Auger electron spectroscopy. Temperature programmed desorption (TPD) of this molecule displays a rich chemistry on both the stoichiometric and electron beam sputtered surfaces. Acetic acid-TPD on a stoichiometric surface yields ketene (dehydration) as the main product, plus acetaldehyde as the minor product. On an electron beam sputtered surface, two additional association products were observed-butene and crotonaldehyde. The carbon yield of ketene on the stoichiometric surface was comparable to that of CeO2(111) and TiO2(001), higher than that of ZnO(0001) and Cu2O(100), but lower than that of MgO(100). This investigation has shown the ability of UO2(111) surfaces to dehydrate, reduce, and reductively couple organic molecules. (C) 2000 American Vacuum Society: [S0734-2101(00)04204-4].",
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N2 - The reactions of acetic acid have been investigated on the (111) surface of uranium dioxide single crystals, which was characterized by low energy electron diffraction and Auger electron spectroscopy. Temperature programmed desorption (TPD) of this molecule displays a rich chemistry on both the stoichiometric and electron beam sputtered surfaces. Acetic acid-TPD on a stoichiometric surface yields ketene (dehydration) as the main product, plus acetaldehyde as the minor product. On an electron beam sputtered surface, two additional association products were observed-butene and crotonaldehyde. The carbon yield of ketene on the stoichiometric surface was comparable to that of CeO2(111) and TiO2(001), higher than that of ZnO(0001) and Cu2O(100), but lower than that of MgO(100). This investigation has shown the ability of UO2(111) surfaces to dehydrate, reduce, and reductively couple organic molecules. (C) 2000 American Vacuum Society: [S0734-2101(00)04204-4].

AB - The reactions of acetic acid have been investigated on the (111) surface of uranium dioxide single crystals, which was characterized by low energy electron diffraction and Auger electron spectroscopy. Temperature programmed desorption (TPD) of this molecule displays a rich chemistry on both the stoichiometric and electron beam sputtered surfaces. Acetic acid-TPD on a stoichiometric surface yields ketene (dehydration) as the main product, plus acetaldehyde as the minor product. On an electron beam sputtered surface, two additional association products were observed-butene and crotonaldehyde. The carbon yield of ketene on the stoichiometric surface was comparable to that of CeO2(111) and TiO2(001), higher than that of ZnO(0001) and Cu2O(100), but lower than that of MgO(100). This investigation has shown the ability of UO2(111) surfaces to dehydrate, reduce, and reductively couple organic molecules. (C) 2000 American Vacuum Society: [S0734-2101(00)04204-4].

KW - URANIUM-DIOXIDE

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KW - EXCITATIONS

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KW - OXIDATION

KW - METHANOL

KW - DEFECTS

M3 - Article

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JO - Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology. A, Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films

JF - Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology. A, Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films

SN - 0734-2101

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