Recalibration of the magnitude scales at Campi Flegrei, Italy, on the basis of measured path and site and transfer functions

Simona Petrosino*, Luca De Siena, Edoardo Del Pezzo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New duration-based local (M(L)) and moment (M(w)) magnitude scales are obtained for the Campi Flegrei area through analysis of a dataset of local volcanotectonic earthquakes. First, the S-wave quality factor for the investigated area was experimentally calculated, and then the distance-correction curve, logA(0)(r), to be used in the Richter formula M(L) = logA(max) - logA(0)(r), was numerically estimated by measuring the attenuation properties and, hence, propagating a synthetic S-wave packet in the earth medium. The local magnitude scale was normalized to fit the Richter formula that was valid for Southern California at a distance of 10 km- M(L) was estimated by synthesizing Wood-Anderson seismograms and measuring the maximum amplitude. For the same dataset, the moment magnitude was obtained from S-wave distance-corrected and site-corrected displacement spectra. Comparisons between local and moment magnitudes determined, along with the old duration magnitude (M(D)) routinely used at the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-Osservatorio Vesuviano, are presented and discussed. Moreover, the relationships between M(L) and M(w) calculated for two reference sites are also derived.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1964-1974
Number of pages11
JournalBulletin of the Seismological Society of America
Volume98
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2008

Keywords

  • moment-magnitude
  • duration magnitudes
  • ML scale
  • earthquakes
  • caldera
  • area
  • seismograms
  • seismicity
  • California
  • Vesuvius

Cite this

Recalibration of the magnitude scales at Campi Flegrei, Italy, on the basis of measured path and site and transfer functions. / Petrosino, Simona; De Siena, Luca; Del Pezzo, Edoardo.

In: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 98, No. 4, 08.2008, p. 1964-1974.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "New duration-based local (M(L)) and moment (M(w)) magnitude scales are obtained for the Campi Flegrei area through analysis of a dataset of local volcanotectonic earthquakes. First, the S-wave quality factor for the investigated area was experimentally calculated, and then the distance-correction curve, logA(0)(r), to be used in the Richter formula M(L) = logA(max) - logA(0)(r), was numerically estimated by measuring the attenuation properties and, hence, propagating a synthetic S-wave packet in the earth medium. The local magnitude scale was normalized to fit the Richter formula that was valid for Southern California at a distance of 10 km- M(L) was estimated by synthesizing Wood-Anderson seismograms and measuring the maximum amplitude. For the same dataset, the moment magnitude was obtained from S-wave distance-corrected and site-corrected displacement spectra. Comparisons between local and moment magnitudes determined, along with the old duration magnitude (M(D)) routinely used at the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-Osservatorio Vesuviano, are presented and discussed. Moreover, the relationships between M(L) and M(w) calculated for two reference sites are also derived.",
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N2 - New duration-based local (M(L)) and moment (M(w)) magnitude scales are obtained for the Campi Flegrei area through analysis of a dataset of local volcanotectonic earthquakes. First, the S-wave quality factor for the investigated area was experimentally calculated, and then the distance-correction curve, logA(0)(r), to be used in the Richter formula M(L) = logA(max) - logA(0)(r), was numerically estimated by measuring the attenuation properties and, hence, propagating a synthetic S-wave packet in the earth medium. The local magnitude scale was normalized to fit the Richter formula that was valid for Southern California at a distance of 10 km- M(L) was estimated by synthesizing Wood-Anderson seismograms and measuring the maximum amplitude. For the same dataset, the moment magnitude was obtained from S-wave distance-corrected and site-corrected displacement spectra. Comparisons between local and moment magnitudes determined, along with the old duration magnitude (M(D)) routinely used at the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-Osservatorio Vesuviano, are presented and discussed. Moreover, the relationships between M(L) and M(w) calculated for two reference sites are also derived.

AB - New duration-based local (M(L)) and moment (M(w)) magnitude scales are obtained for the Campi Flegrei area through analysis of a dataset of local volcanotectonic earthquakes. First, the S-wave quality factor for the investigated area was experimentally calculated, and then the distance-correction curve, logA(0)(r), to be used in the Richter formula M(L) = logA(max) - logA(0)(r), was numerically estimated by measuring the attenuation properties and, hence, propagating a synthetic S-wave packet in the earth medium. The local magnitude scale was normalized to fit the Richter formula that was valid for Southern California at a distance of 10 km- M(L) was estimated by synthesizing Wood-Anderson seismograms and measuring the maximum amplitude. For the same dataset, the moment magnitude was obtained from S-wave distance-corrected and site-corrected displacement spectra. Comparisons between local and moment magnitudes determined, along with the old duration magnitude (M(D)) routinely used at the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-Osservatorio Vesuviano, are presented and discussed. Moreover, the relationships between M(L) and M(w) calculated for two reference sites are also derived.

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