Recent advances in selective acetylene hydrogenation using palladium containing catalysts

Alan J. McCue*, James A. Anderson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent advances with Pd containing catalysts for the selective hydrogenation of acetylene are described. The overview classifies enhancement of catalytic properties for monometallic and bimetallic Pd catalysts. Activity/selectivity of Pd catalysts can be modified by controlling particle shape/morphology or immobilisation on a support which interacts strongly with Pd particles. In both cases enhanced ethylene selectivity is generally associated with modifying ethylene adsorption strength and/or changes to hydride formation. Inorganic and organic selectivity modifiers (i.e., species adsorbed onto Pd particle surface) have also been shown to enhance ethylene selectivity. Inorganic modifiers such as TiO2 change Pd ensemble size and modify ethylene adsorption strength whereas organic modifiers such as diphenylsulfide are thought to create a surface template effect which favours acetylene adsorption with respect to ethylene. A number of metals and synthetic approaches have been explored to prepare Pd bimetallic catalysts. Examples where enhanced selectivity is observed are generally associated with decreased Pd ensemble size and/or hindering of the ease with which an unselective hydride phase is formed for Pd. A final class of bimetallic catalysts are discussed where Pd is not thought to be the primary reaction site but merely acts as a site where hydrogen dissociation and spillover occurs onto a second metal (Cu or Au) where the reaction takes place more selectively. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-153
Number of pages12
JournalFrontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015

Keywords

  • acetylene
  • bimetallic
  • ethylene
  • palladium
  • selective hydrogenation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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