The properties of nanoparticles and its aggregation as well as convective heat transfer of nanofluids have received great attentions over the last few decades. It is well certified that nanoparticles and its aggregation can be successfully described by fractal theory and technology. In this review, the fractal properties of nanoparticle and its aggregation are firstly introduced, and then the recent investigations on the fractal models and fractal-based approaches that applied for effective thermal conductivity, convective heat transfer, critical heat flux and subcooled pool boiling of nanofluids, fractal clusters and yield stress property of nanoparticle aggregation are summarized.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer|
|Early online date||17 Oct 2016|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 2017|
- nanoparticle aggregation
- thermal conductivity
- convective heat transfer