Both niche and stochastic dispersal processes structure the extraordinary diversity of tropical plants, but determining their relative contributions has proven challenging. We address this question by using airborne imaging spectroscopy to estimate canopy β-diversity for an extensive region of a Bornean rainforest and challenge these data with models incorporating niches and dispersal. We show that remotely-sensed and field-derived estimates of pairwise dissimilarity in community composition are closely matched, proving the applicability of imaging spectroscopy to provide β-diversity data for entire landscapes of over 1000 ha containing contrasting forest types. Our model reproduces the empirical data well and shows that the ecological processes maintaining tropical forest diversity are scale dependent. Patterns of β-diversity are shaped by stochastic dispersal processes acting locally whilst environmental processes act over a wider range of scales.
|Number of pages||12|
|Early online date||26 Jul 2019|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2019|
- neutral theory
- tropical forest
- beta diversity
- Beta diversity
- NEUTRAL MODELS
- FUNCTIONAL TRAITS
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Reconciling the contribution of niche and stochastic structuring of tropical forest diversity through the lens of imaging spectroscopy
Bongalov, B. (Creator), Burslem, D. (Creator), Jucker, T. (Creator), Thompson, S. E. D. (Creator), Rosindell, J. (Creator), Swinfield, T. (Creator), Nilus, R. (Creator), Clewley, D. (Creator), Phillips, O. L. (Creator) & Coomes, D. A. (Creator), Figshare, 2 Jul 2019