Reconstructing Battles and Battlefields: Scientific Solutions to Historical Problems at Bannockburn, Scotland

Richard Tipping, Gordon T. Cook, Dmitri Mauquoy, Aden Beresford, D. Hamilton, John G Harrison, Jason Jordan, Paul M Ledger, Stuart Morrison, Danny Patterson, Nicola Russell, David Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The need for scientists to add objective data to historical studies is argued using as a case study the battle of Bannockburn in 1314. The terrain was critical in this battle, as in so many others, but cannot be understood from the few primary sources, which are not contemporary and are strongly biased. Scientific techniques can cut through hyperbole. The methodology and techniques used to better understand the landscape around the battle are briefly discussed, particularly new advances in radiocarbon dating which enable analysis to approach the chronological precision of the archaeologist, if not the historian. Our data are argued to have clarified muddled interpretations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-131
Number of pages13
JournalLandscapes
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2014

Keywords

  • battlefield archaeology
  • environmental reconstruction
  • environmental history
  • Bannockburn 1314

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    Tipping, R., Cook, G. T., Mauquoy, D., Beresford, A., Hamilton, D., Harrison, J. G., Jordan, J., Ledger, P. M., Morrison, S., Patterson, D., Russell, N., & Smith, D. (2014). Reconstructing Battles and Battlefields: Scientific Solutions to Historical Problems at Bannockburn, Scotland. Landscapes, 15(2), 119-131. https://doi.org/10.1179/1466203514Z.00000000030