Recording strategies and selection potential of feed intake measured using the X-ray method in rainbow trout

A. Kause, Declan Tobin, A. Dobly, D. Houlihan, Samuel Allen Moore Martin, E.A. Mäntysaari, O. Ritola, K. Ruohonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examines the way long-term feed intake should be recorded accurately for selective breeding purposes, and estimates selection potential in feed intake using the Xray method to record individual daily feed intake in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). The analysis showed that the point estimates of daily feed intake displayed low repeatabilities (r = 0.09-0.32). This indicates that a minimum of three repeated records were needed to accurately record average feed intake at a fixed age. To effectively breed for feed intake over the whole growing period, it is necessary to determine average feed intake at different ages, since there were only moderate phenotypic and genetic correlations between average daily feed intake recorded at 140 g, 750 g and 2000 g wet mass. Heritability for average daily feed intake was low (average h = 0.10), indicating that modest genetic changes can be obtained in response to selection. It was concluded that selection to genetically change long-term feed intake can be successful, yet repeated observations at several life stages are needed to ensure the accuracy of feed intake estimates and the efficiency of selection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-409
Number of pages21
JournalGenetics Selection Evolution
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006

Keywords

  • Atlantic salmon
  • Salmo salar
  • Oncorhynchus mykiss walbaum
  • genetic variation
  • conversion efficiency
  • compensatory growth
  • radioisotope method
  • Salvelinus alpinus
  • fod consumption
  • Arctic charr
  • feed efficiency
  • repeatability
  • heritability
  • salmonids
  • X-radiography

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