Recovering the social: globalization, football and transnationalism

Richard Charles Giulianotti, Roland Robertson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Citations (Scopus)


In this article, we place the social and football (as a sporting realm) at the heart of social scientific analysis of globalization processes. Our theoretical framework sets out, in turn, the concepts of glocalization, with particular reference to what we term the 'duality of glocality'; transnationalism, notably its socio-historical aspects; connectivity, with particular reference to its antonym, 'disconnectivity'; and cosmopolitanism, with strong focus on what we term its 'thick' and 'thin' variants. We explore the interplay of these concepts and processes within three broad domains of the football world': supporter subcultures, sport journalism, and Japanese football culture. We conclude in part by arguing for greater exploration of sport's role in regard to global processes and of the interrelationships between the duality of glocality and the thick/thin variants of cosmopolitanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-186
Number of pages21
JournalGlobal Networks
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007


  • glocalization
  • transnationalism
  • thick/thin cosmopolitanism
  • connectivity
  • the social
  • football
  • North-America
  • migration


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