Recruitment patterns and potential mechanisms of community assembly in an Andean cloud forest

Alicia Ledo*, Luis Cayuela, Ruben Manso, Sonia Condes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Question What are the conditions necessary for the establishment and development of seedlings and an early stage sapling community in an old-growth cloud forest? Cloud forests are one of the most threatened ecosystems in the world; however, recruitment patterns in these forests remain largely unknown.

Location Cloud Forest, Northern Peruvian Andes.

Methods We constructed a sapling community model through the unconstrained technique of non-metric multidimensional scaling. We related the distribution of saplings of each species to the distance from conspecific adult (potential parent) trees through a point pattern analysis. We also used zero-inflated Poisson models to investigate the relationship between sapling distributions and environmental conditions and forest structure.

Results We found that recruitment in woody plant species tends to be widely spread throughout the forest. The distribution of some sapling species was either positively or negatively related to the position of adult conspecific trees. Several species tended to occur within particular microhabitat conditions, with some differentiation between canopy and understorey species.

Conclusions Cloud forest species recruitment may require the cover provided by the forest canopy. Under closed canopy conditions, both dispersal assembly and niche assembly mechanisms appear to simultaneously influence sapling distribution. The different strategies of various species may result in a trade-off between the importance of microhabitat conditions and distance mechanisms, with one prevailing over the other, depending on species and forest structure conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)876-888
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Vegetation Science
Volume26
Issue number5
Early online date2 Apr 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2015

Keywords

  • biodiversity maintenance
  • dispersal assembly
  • habitat associations
  • niche assembly
  • point pattern analysis
  • recruitment strategies
  • spatial analysis
  • species co-existence
  • tropical forest
  • zero-inflated Poisson models
  • Pinus-Sylvestris stands
  • tree species-diversity
  • Janzen-Connell model
  • density-dependence
  • spatial-patterns
  • neotropical forest
  • plant-communities
  • shade tolerance

Cite this

Recruitment patterns and potential mechanisms of community assembly in an Andean cloud forest. / Ledo, Alicia; Cayuela, Luis; Manso, Ruben; Condes, Sonia.

In: Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 26, No. 5, 09.2015, p. 876-888.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ledo, Alicia ; Cayuela, Luis ; Manso, Ruben ; Condes, Sonia. / Recruitment patterns and potential mechanisms of community assembly in an Andean cloud forest. In: Journal of Vegetation Science. 2015 ; Vol. 26, No. 5. pp. 876-888.
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title = "Recruitment patterns and potential mechanisms of community assembly in an Andean cloud forest",
abstract = "Question What are the conditions necessary for the establishment and development of seedlings and an early stage sapling community in an old-growth cloud forest? Cloud forests are one of the most threatened ecosystems in the world; however, recruitment patterns in these forests remain largely unknown.Location Cloud Forest, Northern Peruvian Andes.Methods We constructed a sapling community model through the unconstrained technique of non-metric multidimensional scaling. We related the distribution of saplings of each species to the distance from conspecific adult (potential parent) trees through a point pattern analysis. We also used zero-inflated Poisson models to investigate the relationship between sapling distributions and environmental conditions and forest structure.Results We found that recruitment in woody plant species tends to be widely spread throughout the forest. The distribution of some sapling species was either positively or negatively related to the position of adult conspecific trees. Several species tended to occur within particular microhabitat conditions, with some differentiation between canopy and understorey species.Conclusions Cloud forest species recruitment may require the cover provided by the forest canopy. Under closed canopy conditions, both dispersal assembly and niche assembly mechanisms appear to simultaneously influence sapling distribution. The different strategies of various species may result in a trade-off between the importance of microhabitat conditions and distance mechanisms, with one prevailing over the other, depending on species and forest structure conditions.",
keywords = "biodiversity maintenance, dispersal assembly, habitat associations, niche assembly, point pattern analysis, recruitment strategies, spatial analysis, species co-existence, tropical forest, zero-inflated Poisson models, Pinus-Sylvestris stands, tree species-diversity, Janzen-Connell model, density-dependence, spatial-patterns, neotropical forest, plant-communities, shade tolerance",
author = "Alicia Ledo and Luis Cayuela and Ruben Manso and Sonia Condes",
note = "Funded by Universidad Polit{\'e}cnica de Madrid Consejo Social de la Universidad Polit{\'e}cnica de Madrid Comunidad de Madrid. Grant Number: S2009/AMB-1783 Acknowledgements This research was initially funded through a PhD grant from the Universidad Polit{\'e}cnica de Madrid and finalized through a FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IEF Marie-Curie Action. The fieldwork was partly supported by the Consejo Social de la Universidad Polit{\'e}cnica de Madrid. LC was supported by project REMEDINAL-2 (Comunidad de Madrid, S2009/AMB-1783). We are indebted to Wilder E. Caba Culquicondor for help in the fieldwork. We also acknowledge those who collaborated in the species identification. I wish to thank David Burslem for helpful comments on earlier versions of the manuscript and Thomas Cornulier for useful conversations. The manuscript has been improved thanks to helpful comments from the Editor and two anonymous referees.",
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T1 - Recruitment patterns and potential mechanisms of community assembly in an Andean cloud forest

AU - Ledo, Alicia

AU - Cayuela, Luis

AU - Manso, Ruben

AU - Condes, Sonia

N1 - Funded by Universidad Politécnica de Madrid Consejo Social de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid Comunidad de Madrid. Grant Number: S2009/AMB-1783 Acknowledgements This research was initially funded through a PhD grant from the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid and finalized through a FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IEF Marie-Curie Action. The fieldwork was partly supported by the Consejo Social de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. LC was supported by project REMEDINAL-2 (Comunidad de Madrid, S2009/AMB-1783). We are indebted to Wilder E. Caba Culquicondor for help in the fieldwork. We also acknowledge those who collaborated in the species identification. I wish to thank David Burslem for helpful comments on earlier versions of the manuscript and Thomas Cornulier for useful conversations. The manuscript has been improved thanks to helpful comments from the Editor and two anonymous referees.

PY - 2015/9

Y1 - 2015/9

N2 - Question What are the conditions necessary for the establishment and development of seedlings and an early stage sapling community in an old-growth cloud forest? Cloud forests are one of the most threatened ecosystems in the world; however, recruitment patterns in these forests remain largely unknown.Location Cloud Forest, Northern Peruvian Andes.Methods We constructed a sapling community model through the unconstrained technique of non-metric multidimensional scaling. We related the distribution of saplings of each species to the distance from conspecific adult (potential parent) trees through a point pattern analysis. We also used zero-inflated Poisson models to investigate the relationship between sapling distributions and environmental conditions and forest structure.Results We found that recruitment in woody plant species tends to be widely spread throughout the forest. The distribution of some sapling species was either positively or negatively related to the position of adult conspecific trees. Several species tended to occur within particular microhabitat conditions, with some differentiation between canopy and understorey species.Conclusions Cloud forest species recruitment may require the cover provided by the forest canopy. Under closed canopy conditions, both dispersal assembly and niche assembly mechanisms appear to simultaneously influence sapling distribution. The different strategies of various species may result in a trade-off between the importance of microhabitat conditions and distance mechanisms, with one prevailing over the other, depending on species and forest structure conditions.

AB - Question What are the conditions necessary for the establishment and development of seedlings and an early stage sapling community in an old-growth cloud forest? Cloud forests are one of the most threatened ecosystems in the world; however, recruitment patterns in these forests remain largely unknown.Location Cloud Forest, Northern Peruvian Andes.Methods We constructed a sapling community model through the unconstrained technique of non-metric multidimensional scaling. We related the distribution of saplings of each species to the distance from conspecific adult (potential parent) trees through a point pattern analysis. We also used zero-inflated Poisson models to investigate the relationship between sapling distributions and environmental conditions and forest structure.Results We found that recruitment in woody plant species tends to be widely spread throughout the forest. The distribution of some sapling species was either positively or negatively related to the position of adult conspecific trees. Several species tended to occur within particular microhabitat conditions, with some differentiation between canopy and understorey species.Conclusions Cloud forest species recruitment may require the cover provided by the forest canopy. Under closed canopy conditions, both dispersal assembly and niche assembly mechanisms appear to simultaneously influence sapling distribution. The different strategies of various species may result in a trade-off between the importance of microhabitat conditions and distance mechanisms, with one prevailing over the other, depending on species and forest structure conditions.

KW - biodiversity maintenance

KW - dispersal assembly

KW - habitat associations

KW - niche assembly

KW - point pattern analysis

KW - recruitment strategies

KW - spatial analysis

KW - species co-existence

KW - tropical forest

KW - zero-inflated Poisson models

KW - Pinus-Sylvestris stands

KW - tree species-diversity

KW - Janzen-Connell model

KW - density-dependence

KW - spatial-patterns

KW - neotropical forest

KW - plant-communities

KW - shade tolerance

U2 - 10.1111/jvs.12287

DO - 10.1111/jvs.12287

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 876

EP - 888

JO - Journal of Vegetation Science

JF - Journal of Vegetation Science

SN - 1100-9233

IS - 5

ER -