Reduction in shear stress, activation of the endothelium, and leukocyte priming are all required for leukocyte passage across the blood--retina barrier

Heping Xu, Ayyakkannu Manivannan, Keith A Goatman, Hui-Rong Jiang, Janet Mary Liversidge, Peter Frederick Sharp, John Vincent Forrester, Isabel Joan Crane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The passage of leukocytes across the blood-retina barrier at the early stages of an inflammatory reaction is influenced by a complex series of interactions about which little is known. In particular, the relationship between hydrodynamic factors, such as shear stress and leukocyte velocity, to the adherence and subsequent extravasation of leukocytes into the retina is unclear. We have used a physiological method, scanning laser ophthalmoscopy, to track labeled leukocytes circulating in the retina, followed by confocal microscopy of retinal flatmonnts to detect infiltrating cells at the early stage of experimental autoimmune uveitis. This has shown that retinal vessels are subjected to high shear stress under normal circumstances. During the inflammatory reaction, shear stress in retinal veins is reduced 24 It before leukocyte infiltration. This reduction is negatively correlated with leukocyte rolling and sticking in veins and postcapillary venules, the sites of leukocyte extravasation. Activation of vascular endothelial cells is also a prerequisite for leukocyte rolling and infiltration. In addition, antigen priming of leukocytes is influential at the early stage of inflammation, anti this is seen clearly in the reduction in rolling velocity and adherence of the printed leukocytes in activated retinal venules, 9 days postimmunization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-232
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume75
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2004

Keywords

  • inflammation
  • leukocyte trafficking
  • blood flow
  • experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis
  • scanning laser ophthalmoscopy
  • EXPERIMENTAL AUTOIMMUNE UVEORETINITIS
  • IN-VIVO
  • MESENTERIC VENULES
  • ADHESION
  • EAU
  • MICE
  • TRAFFICKING
  • MIGRATION
  • MOLECULES
  • TRACKING

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