Regeneration capacity of oceanic-montane liverworts

implications for community distribution and conservation

Maren Flagmeier, David G. Long, David R. Genney, Peter M. Hollingsworth, Sarah J. Woodin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Scotland’s mountains are home to a rare and unique liverwort community, ‘the oceanic-montane liverwort-rich heath’, but its component species are absent from regions where they could potentially thrive. Many biological characteristics of these species are unknown, making it impossible to explain the reasons for their rarity; however, they have not been observed to produce sporophytes within Britain. We use ex situ cultivation of whole liverworts and fragments, and in situ cultivation of fragments, to assess the growth rate and the potential for vegetative reproduction of several species. Most of the species grew from both fragments and as whole plants, indicating that the rarity of the liverwort heath is not due to poor powers of regeneration. We propose that growth rate and the potential to regenerate from fragments are important factors structuring the liverwort heath community, at least locally. Furthermore, this study demonstrates that there is potential for ex situ conservation of rare liverwort species, in situ enhancement of existing populations, and creation of new ones.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-19
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Bryology
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2013

Fingerprint

liverwort
mosses and liverworts
regeneration
rarity
vegetative reproduction
sporophytes
biological characteristics
Scotland
United Kingdom
distribution
mountains
mountain

Keywords

  • hepatic mat
  • conservation
  • asexual reproduction
  • liverwort health
  • regeneration
  • growth rate
  • leafy liverwort
  • bryophytes

Cite this

Regeneration capacity of oceanic-montane liverworts : implications for community distribution and conservation. / Flagmeier, Maren ; Long, David G. ; Genney, David R. ; Hollingsworth, Peter M.; Woodin, Sarah J. .

In: Journal of Bryology, Vol. 35, No. 1, 01.03.2013, p. 12-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Flagmeier, Maren ; Long, David G. ; Genney, David R. ; Hollingsworth, Peter M. ; Woodin, Sarah J. . / Regeneration capacity of oceanic-montane liverworts : implications for community distribution and conservation. In: Journal of Bryology. 2013 ; Vol. 35, No. 1. pp. 12-19.
@article{2ce9154bd04c43e3842c8a87e8f5e153,
title = "Regeneration capacity of oceanic-montane liverworts: implications for community distribution and conservation",
abstract = "Scotland’s mountains are home to a rare and unique liverwort community, ‘the oceanic-montane liverwort-rich heath’, but its component species are absent from regions where they could potentially thrive. Many biological characteristics of these species are unknown, making it impossible to explain the reasons for their rarity; however, they have not been observed to produce sporophytes within Britain. We use ex situ cultivation of whole liverworts and fragments, and in situ cultivation of fragments, to assess the growth rate and the potential for vegetative reproduction of several species. Most of the species grew from both fragments and as whole plants, indicating that the rarity of the liverwort heath is not due to poor powers of regeneration. We propose that growth rate and the potential to regenerate from fragments are important factors structuring the liverwort heath community, at least locally. Furthermore, this study demonstrates that there is potential for ex situ conservation of rare liverwort species, in situ enhancement of existing populations, and creation of new ones.",
keywords = "hepatic mat, conservation, asexual reproduction, liverwort health, regeneration, growth rate, leafy liverwort, bryophytes",
author = "Maren Flagmeier and Long, {David G.} and Genney, {David R.} and Hollingsworth, {Peter M.} and Woodin, {Sarah J.}",
year = "2013",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1179/1743282012Y.0000000037",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "12--19",
journal = "Journal of Bryology",
issn = "0373-6687",
publisher = "Maney Publishing",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Regeneration capacity of oceanic-montane liverworts

T2 - implications for community distribution and conservation

AU - Flagmeier, Maren

AU - Long, David G.

AU - Genney, David R.

AU - Hollingsworth, Peter M.

AU - Woodin, Sarah J.

PY - 2013/3/1

Y1 - 2013/3/1

N2 - Scotland’s mountains are home to a rare and unique liverwort community, ‘the oceanic-montane liverwort-rich heath’, but its component species are absent from regions where they could potentially thrive. Many biological characteristics of these species are unknown, making it impossible to explain the reasons for their rarity; however, they have not been observed to produce sporophytes within Britain. We use ex situ cultivation of whole liverworts and fragments, and in situ cultivation of fragments, to assess the growth rate and the potential for vegetative reproduction of several species. Most of the species grew from both fragments and as whole plants, indicating that the rarity of the liverwort heath is not due to poor powers of regeneration. We propose that growth rate and the potential to regenerate from fragments are important factors structuring the liverwort heath community, at least locally. Furthermore, this study demonstrates that there is potential for ex situ conservation of rare liverwort species, in situ enhancement of existing populations, and creation of new ones.

AB - Scotland’s mountains are home to a rare and unique liverwort community, ‘the oceanic-montane liverwort-rich heath’, but its component species are absent from regions where they could potentially thrive. Many biological characteristics of these species are unknown, making it impossible to explain the reasons for their rarity; however, they have not been observed to produce sporophytes within Britain. We use ex situ cultivation of whole liverworts and fragments, and in situ cultivation of fragments, to assess the growth rate and the potential for vegetative reproduction of several species. Most of the species grew from both fragments and as whole plants, indicating that the rarity of the liverwort heath is not due to poor powers of regeneration. We propose that growth rate and the potential to regenerate from fragments are important factors structuring the liverwort heath community, at least locally. Furthermore, this study demonstrates that there is potential for ex situ conservation of rare liverwort species, in situ enhancement of existing populations, and creation of new ones.

KW - hepatic mat

KW - conservation

KW - asexual reproduction

KW - liverwort health

KW - regeneration

KW - growth rate

KW - leafy liverwort

KW - bryophytes

U2 - 10.1179/1743282012Y.0000000037

DO - 10.1179/1743282012Y.0000000037

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 12

EP - 19

JO - Journal of Bryology

JF - Journal of Bryology

SN - 0373-6687

IS - 1

ER -