Regulation of cyclic lipopeptide biosynthesis in Pseudomonas fluorescens by the ClpP protease

I De Bruijn, J M Raaijmakers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cyclic lipopeptides produced by Pseudomonas species exhibit potent surfactant and broad-spectrum antibiotic properties. Their biosynthesis is governed by large multimodular nonribosomal peptide synthetases, but little is known about the genetic regulatory network. This study provides, for the first time, evidence that the serine protease ClpP regulates the biosynthesis of massetolides, cyclic lipopeptides involved in swarming motility, biofilm formation, and antimicrobial activity of Pseudomonas fluorescens SS101. The results show that ClpP affects the expression of luxR(mA), the transcriptional regulator of the massetolide biosynthesis genes massABC, thereby regulating biofilm formation and swarming motility of P. fluorescens SS101. Transcription of luxR(mA) was significantly repressed in the clpP mutant, and introduction of luxR(mA) restored, in part, massetolide biosynthesis and swarming motility of the clpP mutant. Site-directed mutagenesis and expression analyses indicated that the chaperone subunit ClpX and the Lon protease are not involved in regulation of massetolide biosynthesis and are transcribed independently of clpP. Addition of Casamino Acids enhanced the transcription of luxR(mA) and massABC in the clpP mutant, leading to a partial rescue of massetolide production and swarming motility. The results further suggested that, at the transcriptional level, ClpP-mediated regulation of massetolide biosynthesis operates independently of regulation by the GacA/GacS two-component system. The role of amino acid metabolism and the putative mechanisms underlying ClpP-mediated regulation of cyclic lipopeptide biosynthesis, swarming motility, and growth in P. fluorescens are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1910-1923
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Bacteriology
Volume191
Issue number6
Early online date29 Dec 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009

Keywords

  • bacterial proteins
  • biofilms
  • endopeptidase Clp
  • gene expression regulation, bacterial
  • lipopeptides
  • molecular sequence data
  • Pseudomonas fluorescens
  • repressor proteins
  • trans-activators
  • transcription, genetic

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