Regulation of growth hormone induced JAK2 and mTOR signalling by hepatic protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B

C. Owen, E.K. Lees, N. Mody, M. Delibegovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) regulates various signalling pathways including insulin, leptin, IGF-1 and growth hormone (GH) signalling. Transmission of the GH signal depends on Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), which is how PTP1B is thought to modulate GH signalling in the liver, based on studies utilising global PTP1B knockout mice (Ptp1b−/−). Here, we investigated the liver-specific role of PTP1B in GH signalling, using liver-specific Ptp1b−/− mice (alb-crePtp1b−/−), under physiological (chow) or insulin resistant (high-fat diet [HFD]) feeding conditions. Body weight and adiposity were comparable between female alb-crePtp1b−/− and Ptp1bfl/fl control mice. On chow diet, under 48-hour fasting GH-resistant conditions, GH stimulation in vivo led to a robust stimulation of the JAK-STAT signalling pathway. Alb-crePtp1b−/− mice exhibited significantly higher GH-induced JAK2 phosphorylation and SOCS3 gene expression post-GH stimulation. However, STAT3, STAT5 and ERK1/2 phosphorylation and SOCS2 gene expression were similar between groups. Interestingly, GH-induced mTOR phosphorylation was significantly higher in alb-crePtp1b−/− mice 5-min post-GH stimulation compared to controls, revealing this part of the pathway under direct control of PTP1B. Under ad lib HFD-fed conditions, GH-induced STAT5 phosphorylation significantly increased in alb-crePtp1b−/− mice only, with no alterations in the controls. Overall, our data demonstrate that liver-specific PTP1B deletion leads to significant alterations in GH signalling with increased JAK2, STAT5 and mTOR phosphorylation and SOCS3 gene expression.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-101
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes & Metabolism
Volume41
Issue number1
Early online date16 Jun 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015

Keywords

  • liver
  • PTP1B
  • JAK2
  • STAT
  • growth hormone

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