Relationship between genetic distances and postzygotic reproductive isolation in diploid Fragaria (Rosaceae)

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Abstract

Studies of reproductive isolation are important for understanding speciation and species delimitation. We studied seven components of reproductive isolation at different taxonomic and geographical levels and their relationship with genetic distance in diploid Fragaria. Isolation was only evident between different taxa at later stages (post F-1 survivorship), and not at the earlier ones of fruit and seed set, F-1 seed germination, and survivorship. Within Fragaria vesca, isolation at the later stages was positively correlated with genetic distance, although this was not found at interspecific levels. The lack of isolation between F. vesca and the other species at the early stages provide the chance for hybrid formation, although high levels of infertility expressed among the offspring can lead to potentially opposing evolutionary outcomes. Within F. vesca, there was evidence of unexpected isolation promoting evolutionary diversification and incipient speciation. Reproductive isolation values between sympatric and allopatric species pairs were similar and indicate a lack of reinforcement in Fragaria. This, combined with the lack of correlation between genetic distance and isolation at interspecific levels, shows that genetic distance is not always proportionally correlated with the degree of isolation in plants and suggests that evolutionary processes may be playing differently in plants compared to animals. (C) 2011 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2011, 104, 510-526.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)510-526
Number of pages17
JournalBiological Journal of the Linnean Society
Volume104
Issue number3
Early online date19 Sep 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011

Keywords

  • biological species concept
  • Fragaria daltoniana
  • Fragaria nubicola
  • Fragaria viridis
  • progeny fitness
  • reinforcement
  • strawberry
  • Dobzhansky-Muller incompatibilities
  • speciation
  • patterns
  • divergence
  • evolution
  • architecture
  • drosophila

Cite this

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title = "Relationship between genetic distances and postzygotic reproductive isolation in diploid Fragaria (Rosaceae)",
abstract = "Studies of reproductive isolation are important for understanding speciation and species delimitation. We studied seven components of reproductive isolation at different taxonomic and geographical levels and their relationship with genetic distance in diploid Fragaria. Isolation was only evident between different taxa at later stages (post F-1 survivorship), and not at the earlier ones of fruit and seed set, F-1 seed germination, and survivorship. Within Fragaria vesca, isolation at the later stages was positively correlated with genetic distance, although this was not found at interspecific levels. The lack of isolation between F. vesca and the other species at the early stages provide the chance for hybrid formation, although high levels of infertility expressed among the offspring can lead to potentially opposing evolutionary outcomes. Within F. vesca, there was evidence of unexpected isolation promoting evolutionary diversification and incipient speciation. Reproductive isolation values between sympatric and allopatric species pairs were similar and indicate a lack of reinforcement in Fragaria. This, combined with the lack of correlation between genetic distance and isolation at interspecific levels, shows that genetic distance is not always proportionally correlated with the degree of isolation in plants and suggests that evolutionary processes may be playing differently in plants compared to animals. (C) 2011 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2011, 104, 510-526.",
keywords = "biological species concept, Fragaria daltoniana, Fragaria nubicola, Fragaria viridis, progeny fitness, reinforcement, strawberry, Dobzhansky-Muller incompatibilities, speciation, patterns, divergence, evolution, architecture, drosophila",
author = "Houshang Nosrati and Price, {Adam H.} and Wilcock, {Christopher C.}",
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T1 - Relationship between genetic distances and postzygotic reproductive isolation in diploid Fragaria (Rosaceae)

AU - Nosrati, Houshang

AU - Price, Adam H.

AU - Wilcock, Christopher C.

PY - 2011/11

Y1 - 2011/11

N2 - Studies of reproductive isolation are important for understanding speciation and species delimitation. We studied seven components of reproductive isolation at different taxonomic and geographical levels and their relationship with genetic distance in diploid Fragaria. Isolation was only evident between different taxa at later stages (post F-1 survivorship), and not at the earlier ones of fruit and seed set, F-1 seed germination, and survivorship. Within Fragaria vesca, isolation at the later stages was positively correlated with genetic distance, although this was not found at interspecific levels. The lack of isolation between F. vesca and the other species at the early stages provide the chance for hybrid formation, although high levels of infertility expressed among the offspring can lead to potentially opposing evolutionary outcomes. Within F. vesca, there was evidence of unexpected isolation promoting evolutionary diversification and incipient speciation. Reproductive isolation values between sympatric and allopatric species pairs were similar and indicate a lack of reinforcement in Fragaria. This, combined with the lack of correlation between genetic distance and isolation at interspecific levels, shows that genetic distance is not always proportionally correlated with the degree of isolation in plants and suggests that evolutionary processes may be playing differently in plants compared to animals. (C) 2011 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2011, 104, 510-526.

AB - Studies of reproductive isolation are important for understanding speciation and species delimitation. We studied seven components of reproductive isolation at different taxonomic and geographical levels and their relationship with genetic distance in diploid Fragaria. Isolation was only evident between different taxa at later stages (post F-1 survivorship), and not at the earlier ones of fruit and seed set, F-1 seed germination, and survivorship. Within Fragaria vesca, isolation at the later stages was positively correlated with genetic distance, although this was not found at interspecific levels. The lack of isolation between F. vesca and the other species at the early stages provide the chance for hybrid formation, although high levels of infertility expressed among the offspring can lead to potentially opposing evolutionary outcomes. Within F. vesca, there was evidence of unexpected isolation promoting evolutionary diversification and incipient speciation. Reproductive isolation values between sympatric and allopatric species pairs were similar and indicate a lack of reinforcement in Fragaria. This, combined with the lack of correlation between genetic distance and isolation at interspecific levels, shows that genetic distance is not always proportionally correlated with the degree of isolation in plants and suggests that evolutionary processes may be playing differently in plants compared to animals. (C) 2011 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2011, 104, 510-526.

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KW - Fragaria nubicola

KW - Fragaria viridis

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KW - reinforcement

KW - strawberry

KW - Dobzhansky-Muller incompatibilities

KW - speciation

KW - patterns

KW - divergence

KW - evolution

KW - architecture

KW - drosophila

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