Relationship between postoperative cardiac troponin I levels and outcome of cardiac surgery

Bernard Lewis Croal, Graham Scott Hillis, P. H. Gibson, M. Fazal, H. El-Shafei, G. Gibson, R. R. Jeffery, K. G. Buchan, D. West, Brian Cuthbertson

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    Abstract

    Background-Cardiac surgery may be associated with significant perioperative and postoperative morbidity and mortality. Underlying pathology, surgical technique, and postoperative complications may all influence outcome. These factors may be reflected as a rise in postoperative troponin levels. Interpretation of troponin levels in this setting may therefore be complex. This study assessed the prognostic significance of such measurements, taking into account potential confounding variables.

    Methods and Results-One-thousand three hundred sixty-five patients undergoing cardiac surgery underwent measurement of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) at 2 and 24 hours after surgery. The relationship of these measurements to subsequent mortality was established. After taking into account all other variables, cTnI levels measured at 24 hours were independently predictive of mortality at 30 days (odds ratio [OR] 1.14 per 10 mu g/L, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.05 to 1.24, P=0.002), 1 year (OR 1.10 per 10 mu g/L, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.18, P=0.006), and 3 years (OR 1.07 per 10 mu g/L, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.15, P=0.04). Cardiac TnI levels in the highest quartile at 24 hours were associated with a particularly poor outcome.

    Conclusions-cTnI levels measured 24 hours after cardiac surgery predict short-, medium-, and long-term mortality and remain independently predictive when adjusted for all other potentially confounding variables, including operation complexity.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1468-1475
    Number of pages7
    JournalCirculation
    Volume114
    Issue number14
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2006

    Keywords

    • surgery
    • cardiopulmonary bypass
    • coronary disease
    • survival
    • tests
    • BYPASS GRAFT-SURGERY
    • CREATINE-KINASE-MB
    • MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION
    • SHORT-TERM
    • MORTALITY
    • PREDICTION
    • EUROSCORE
    • RELEASE
    • DAMAGE
    • DEATH

    Cite this

    Croal, B. L., Hillis, G. S., Gibson, P. H., Fazal, M., El-Shafei, H., Gibson, G., Jeffery, R. R., Buchan, K. G., West, D., & Cuthbertson, B. (2006). Relationship between postoperative cardiac troponin I levels and outcome of cardiac surgery. Circulation, 114(14), 1468-1475. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.105.602370