Relationships between N2O emissions and water-soluble C and N contents of agroforestry residues after their addition to soil

N. Millar, Elizabeth Baggs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nitrous oxide emissions are usually increased following incorporation of N-rich plant residues, but the effects of residue soluble C and N contents on emissions have still to be determined. Here we report a controlled environment experiment in which emissions of N2O were measured following addition of N-15-labelled (2.5-4.2 atom % excess N-15) agroforestry residues (Sesbania sesban, Macroptilium atropurpureum and Crotalaria grahamiana) to an Oxisol. Exposure of these trees to different irradiance during growth resulted in differences in water-soluble C and N contents. The highest emissions were generally measured from the lower water-soluble C and N (LS) residues with 7 mg N2O-N m(-2) emitted over 29 d after addition of Crotalaria LS residues (4.9% soluble C, 0.7% soluble N). Emissions were negatively correlated with the residue soluble C-to-N ratio (r = -0.68 to -0.89; P < 0.05) at the time of main flux activity during the first 8 d after residue addition, indicating that under controlled environmental conditions substrates with a high soluble C-to-N ratio may result in low N2O emissions during the early stages of residue decomposition. This relationship has still to be verified under field conditions. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)605-608
Number of pages3
JournalSoil Biology and Biochemistry
Volume37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • denitrification
  • nitrification
  • residues
  • soluble carbon
  • soluble nitrogen
  • stable isotopes
  • QUALITY

Cite this

Relationships between N2O emissions and water-soluble C and N contents of agroforestry residues after their addition to soil. / Millar, N.; Baggs, Elizabeth.

In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol. 37, 2005, p. 605-608.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Nitrous oxide emissions are usually increased following incorporation of N-rich plant residues, but the effects of residue soluble C and N contents on emissions have still to be determined. Here we report a controlled environment experiment in which emissions of N2O were measured following addition of N-15-labelled (2.5-4.2 atom {\%} excess N-15) agroforestry residues (Sesbania sesban, Macroptilium atropurpureum and Crotalaria grahamiana) to an Oxisol. Exposure of these trees to different irradiance during growth resulted in differences in water-soluble C and N contents. The highest emissions were generally measured from the lower water-soluble C and N (LS) residues with 7 mg N2O-N m(-2) emitted over 29 d after addition of Crotalaria LS residues (4.9{\%} soluble C, 0.7{\%} soluble N). Emissions were negatively correlated with the residue soluble C-to-N ratio (r = -0.68 to -0.89; P < 0.05) at the time of main flux activity during the first 8 d after residue addition, indicating that under controlled environmental conditions substrates with a high soluble C-to-N ratio may result in low N2O emissions during the early stages of residue decomposition. This relationship has still to be verified under field conditions. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
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AB - Nitrous oxide emissions are usually increased following incorporation of N-rich plant residues, but the effects of residue soluble C and N contents on emissions have still to be determined. Here we report a controlled environment experiment in which emissions of N2O were measured following addition of N-15-labelled (2.5-4.2 atom % excess N-15) agroforestry residues (Sesbania sesban, Macroptilium atropurpureum and Crotalaria grahamiana) to an Oxisol. Exposure of these trees to different irradiance during growth resulted in differences in water-soluble C and N contents. The highest emissions were generally measured from the lower water-soluble C and N (LS) residues with 7 mg N2O-N m(-2) emitted over 29 d after addition of Crotalaria LS residues (4.9% soluble C, 0.7% soluble N). Emissions were negatively correlated with the residue soluble C-to-N ratio (r = -0.68 to -0.89; P < 0.05) at the time of main flux activity during the first 8 d after residue addition, indicating that under controlled environmental conditions substrates with a high soluble C-to-N ratio may result in low N2O emissions during the early stages of residue decomposition. This relationship has still to be verified under field conditions. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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