Relationships between tree species composition, soil properties and topographic factors in a temperate deciduous forest in northern Iran

Ali Salehi*, Ghavamudin Zahedi Amiri, David F.R.P. Burslem, Michael D. Swaine

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A study to establish relationships between tree species, soil properties and topographic factors was carried out in one section of the Caspian (Hyrcanian) forest in the north of Iran. Two-Way Indicator Species Analysis (TWINSPAN) classified basal areas of tree species from 325 tree plots and were ordinate using Detrended Correspondence Analysis (DCA). Several physical and chemical properties of soil, altitude, aspect and slope were determined for a sub-sample of 83 plots amongst 325 tree plots. Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky.) and hornbeam (Carpinus betulus Linn.) were the two most important tree species in this forest, although 11 other tree species were also present. A majority of the plots at lower altitudes were dominated by hornbeam, while beech dominated in plots at higher altitude. C% and C/N in the soil surface were significantly associated with tree species composition and altitude. C/N and carbon storage increased at higher altitude, where beech tree is dominant, while those at low altitude or with low C/N ratio were dominated by hornbeam. Although the main gradient of tree species composition, Fagus-Carpinus gradient, described by C%, C/N and altitude, distribution of Quercus castaneifolia, Acer spp. Tilia platyphyllos, as the main other tree species in the study site, explained by the other soil properties, such as bulk density and soil texture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-462
Number of pages8
JournalAsian Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2007

Fingerprint

temperate forests
deciduous forests
Iran
soil properties
species diversity
Fagus
Tilia platyphyllos
Fagus sylvatica subsp. orientalis
Carpinus
Carpinus betulus
Acer
soil chemical properties
soil texture
carbon sequestration
basal area
carbon nitrogen ratio
indicator species
bulk density
physical properties
Quercus

Keywords

  • Carpinus betulus
  • Caspian (Hyrcanian) forest
  • Fagus orientalis
  • Multivariate analysis
  • Temperate deciduous forest

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Relationships between tree species composition, soil properties and topographic factors in a temperate deciduous forest in northern Iran. / Salehi, Ali; Amiri, Ghavamudin Zahedi; Burslem, David F.R.P.; Swaine, Michael D.

In: Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 3, 01.04.2007, p. 455-462.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{cd74aaccd7e047f4a0e6178e18545d90,
title = "Relationships between tree species composition, soil properties and topographic factors in a temperate deciduous forest in northern Iran",
abstract = "A study to establish relationships between tree species, soil properties and topographic factors was carried out in one section of the Caspian (Hyrcanian) forest in the north of Iran. Two-Way Indicator Species Analysis (TWINSPAN) classified basal areas of tree species from 325 tree plots and were ordinate using Detrended Correspondence Analysis (DCA). Several physical and chemical properties of soil, altitude, aspect and slope were determined for a sub-sample of 83 plots amongst 325 tree plots. Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky.) and hornbeam (Carpinus betulus Linn.) were the two most important tree species in this forest, although 11 other tree species were also present. A majority of the plots at lower altitudes were dominated by hornbeam, while beech dominated in plots at higher altitude. C{\%} and C/N in the soil surface were significantly associated with tree species composition and altitude. C/N and carbon storage increased at higher altitude, where beech tree is dominant, while those at low altitude or with low C/N ratio were dominated by hornbeam. Although the main gradient of tree species composition, Fagus-Carpinus gradient, described by C{\%}, C/N and altitude, distribution of Quercus castaneifolia, Acer spp. Tilia platyphyllos, as the main other tree species in the study site, explained by the other soil properties, such as bulk density and soil texture.",
keywords = "Carpinus betulus, Caspian (Hyrcanian) forest, Fagus orientalis, Multivariate analysis, Temperate deciduous forest",
author = "Ali Salehi and Amiri, {Ghavamudin Zahedi} and Burslem, {David F.R.P.} and Swaine, {Michael D.}",
year = "2007",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3923/ajps.2007.455.462",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "455--462",
journal = "Asian Journal of Plant Sciences",
issn = "1682-3974",
publisher = "Asian Network for Scientific Information",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationships between tree species composition, soil properties and topographic factors in a temperate deciduous forest in northern Iran

AU - Salehi, Ali

AU - Amiri, Ghavamudin Zahedi

AU - Burslem, David F.R.P.

AU - Swaine, Michael D.

PY - 2007/4/1

Y1 - 2007/4/1

N2 - A study to establish relationships between tree species, soil properties and topographic factors was carried out in one section of the Caspian (Hyrcanian) forest in the north of Iran. Two-Way Indicator Species Analysis (TWINSPAN) classified basal areas of tree species from 325 tree plots and were ordinate using Detrended Correspondence Analysis (DCA). Several physical and chemical properties of soil, altitude, aspect and slope were determined for a sub-sample of 83 plots amongst 325 tree plots. Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky.) and hornbeam (Carpinus betulus Linn.) were the two most important tree species in this forest, although 11 other tree species were also present. A majority of the plots at lower altitudes were dominated by hornbeam, while beech dominated in plots at higher altitude. C% and C/N in the soil surface were significantly associated with tree species composition and altitude. C/N and carbon storage increased at higher altitude, where beech tree is dominant, while those at low altitude or with low C/N ratio were dominated by hornbeam. Although the main gradient of tree species composition, Fagus-Carpinus gradient, described by C%, C/N and altitude, distribution of Quercus castaneifolia, Acer spp. Tilia platyphyllos, as the main other tree species in the study site, explained by the other soil properties, such as bulk density and soil texture.

AB - A study to establish relationships between tree species, soil properties and topographic factors was carried out in one section of the Caspian (Hyrcanian) forest in the north of Iran. Two-Way Indicator Species Analysis (TWINSPAN) classified basal areas of tree species from 325 tree plots and were ordinate using Detrended Correspondence Analysis (DCA). Several physical and chemical properties of soil, altitude, aspect and slope were determined for a sub-sample of 83 plots amongst 325 tree plots. Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky.) and hornbeam (Carpinus betulus Linn.) were the two most important tree species in this forest, although 11 other tree species were also present. A majority of the plots at lower altitudes were dominated by hornbeam, while beech dominated in plots at higher altitude. C% and C/N in the soil surface were significantly associated with tree species composition and altitude. C/N and carbon storage increased at higher altitude, where beech tree is dominant, while those at low altitude or with low C/N ratio were dominated by hornbeam. Although the main gradient of tree species composition, Fagus-Carpinus gradient, described by C%, C/N and altitude, distribution of Quercus castaneifolia, Acer spp. Tilia platyphyllos, as the main other tree species in the study site, explained by the other soil properties, such as bulk density and soil texture.

KW - Carpinus betulus

KW - Caspian (Hyrcanian) forest

KW - Fagus orientalis

KW - Multivariate analysis

KW - Temperate deciduous forest

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34447306932&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3923/ajps.2007.455.462

DO - 10.3923/ajps.2007.455.462

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 455

EP - 462

JO - Asian Journal of Plant Sciences

JF - Asian Journal of Plant Sciences

SN - 1682-3974

IS - 3

ER -