Abstract

The ability to design a transport network such that commodities are brought from suppliers to consumers in a steady, optimal, and stable way is of great importance for distribution systems nowadays. In this work, by using the circuit laws of Kirchhoff and Ohm, we provide the exact capacities of the edges that an optimal supply-demand network should have to operate stably under perturbations, i.e., without overloading. The perturbations we consider are the evolution of the connecting topology, the decentralization of hub sources or sinks, and the intermittence of supplier and consumer characteristics. We analyze these conditions and the impact of our results, both on the current United Kingdom power-grid structure and on numerically generated evolving archetypal network topologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012801
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics
Volume89
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • resistance-distance
  • energy
  • graph

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