Results from Scotland’s 2021 Report Card on Physical Activity and Health for Children and Youth: Grades, Secular Trends, and Socio-Economic Inequalities

Farid Bardid* (Corresponding Author), Simone A. Tomaz, Avril Johnstone, Jenni Roberton, Leone Craig, John J Reilly

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The 2021 Active Healthy Kids Scotland Report Card aimed to identify secular trends and socio-economic inequalities, and to assess the health of children and youth prior to COVID-19.
Methods: An expert panel searched for data published in 2018-2020. Grades were assigned to nationally representative data using the Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance methodology.
Results: The expert panel, following national consultation, awarded the following grades: Community/Environment B-, Organized Sport and Physical Activity B-, Government/Policy C/C+, Active Transportation C-, Family/Peers D-, Recreational Screen Time F. Five indicators were graded inconclusive (INC): Overall Physical Activity; Active Play; Physical Fitness; Diet; Obesity. Grades have
remained stable or declined, and surveillance has reduced, increasing the number of INC grades.
There were marked socio-economic inequalities for eight indicators (Recreational Screen Time; Overall Physical Activity; Organized Sport & Physical Activity; Active Transportation; Diet; Obesity; Family/Peers; Community/Environment).
Conclusions: Despite a decade of favorable policy, physical activity and health of children and youth has not improved, and marked socio-economic inequalities continue to persist in Scotland. There is a clear need for greater monitoring of physical activity and health, and improved policy implementation and evaluation, particularly as many indicators and related inequalities may have worsened following the COVID-19 pandemic.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-322
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Exercise Science & Fitness
Volume20
Issue number4
Early online date19 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Physical activity
  • Sedentary behaviour
  • Health
  • Childhood
  • Adolescence
  • Surveillance

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