Reversible tongue atrophy in Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome

Lauren A Cammaert, Angus D. MacLeod, Graham A. Mackay, Callum W. Duncan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A 48-year-old man presented with severe limb, bulbar, and respiratory weakness requiring intubation and ventilation. Decrement was seen on repetitive nerve stimulation, but tested muscles were too weak for voluntary activation and tetanic stimulation was not tolerated. Positive voltage-gated calcium channel and SOX1 antibodies confirmed Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS). Despite corticosteroids, 3,4-diaminopyridine, and plasma exchange, severe bulbar weakness persisted, the patient remained tracheostomy-dependent, and he developed marked tongue atrophy (figure, A). Small cell lung cancer was subsequently confirmed. Radiotherapy 3 months after presentation resulted in recovery of bulbar function, improvement in tongue atrophy, and tracheostomy decannulation with improvement sustained 10 months later (figure, B and C). Tongue atrophy uncommonly occurs in generalized myasthenia gravis1 but has not been previously reported in LEMS. The underlying mechanism may be neurogenic atrophy due to severe neuromuscular junction dysfunction.2

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-460
Number of pages2
JournalNeurology
Volume93
Issue number10
Early online date2 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2019

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