Background: Partial fundoplication may have functional advantages over a circumferential wrap but the reconstruction is more complex. Revisional surgery for recurrent reflux may be more difficult because of the additional suturing involved in the original operation. We report experience with revisional surgery in a large cohort of patients who had undergone laparoscopic anterior fundoplication and hiatal repair.
Methods: Between August 1993 and September 1999. 11 (3.5%) of 309 patients who had laparoscopic anterior fundoplication for uncomplicated gastroesophageal reflux disease required revisional surgery (1 open and 10 laparoscopic revisions). Data were retrieved from a prospective database supplemented by a postal questionnaire following the second operation.
Results: The operative findings were posterior hiatal disruption (n = 9), anterior paraesophageal hernia (n = 1), and inadequate initial esophageal mobilization (n = 1). There were no conversions to open surgery in the laparoscopic group. Ten (91%) of the respondents described the outcome of their repeat procedure as either good or excellent. All patients would recommend the repeat procedure to patients with similar symptoms.
Conclusions: Revisional surgery after laparoscopic anterior fundoplication can be performed safely with a good outcome. Modifications to technique both in the primary procedure and for revision may decrease the incidence of early technical failure.
- ANTIREFLUX SURGERY
- GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX