Rhizosphere activity and atmospheric methane concentrations drive variations of methane fluxes in a temperate forest soil

Jens Arne Subke* (Corresponding Author), Catherine S. Moody, Timothy C. Hill, Naomi Voke, Sylvia Toet, Philip Ineson, Yit Arn Teh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Aerated soils represent an important sink for atmospheric methane (CH4), due to the effect of methanotrophic bacteria, thus mitigating current atmospheric CH4 increases. Whilst rates of CH4 oxidation have been linked to types of vegetation cover, there has been no systematic investigation of the interaction between plants and soil in relation to the strength of the soil CH4 sink. We used quasi-continuous automated chamber measurements of soil CH4 and CO2 flux from soil collar treatments that selectively include root and ectomycorrhizal (ECM) mycelium to investigate the role of rhizosphere activity as well as the effects of other environmental drivers on CH4 uptake in a temperate coniferous forest soil. We also assessed the potential impact of measurement bias from sporadic chamber measurements in altering estimates of soil CO2 efflux and CH4 uptake. Results show a clear effect of the presence of live roots and ECM mycelium on soil CO2 efflux and CH4 uptake. The presence of ECM hyphae alone (without plant roots) showed intermediate fluxes of both CO2 and CH4 relative to soils that either contained roots and ECM mycelium, or soil lacking root- and ECM mycelium. Regression analysis confirmed a significant influence of soil moisture as well as temperature on flux dynamics of both CH4 and CO2 flux. We further found a surprising increase in soil CH4 uptake during the night, and discuss diurnal fluctuations in atmospheric CH4 (with higher concentrations during stable atmospheric conditions at night) as a potential driver of CH4 oxidation rates. Using the high temporal resolution of our data set, we show that low-frequency sampling results in systematic bias of up-scaled flux estimates, resulting in under-estimates of up to 20% at our study site, due to fluctuations in flux dynamics on diurnal as well as longer time scales.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-332
Number of pages10
JournalSoil Biology and Biochemistry
Volume116
Early online date6 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

temperate soils
Rhizosphere
Methane
temperate forests
methane production
temperate forest
forest soils
forest soil
methane
rhizosphere
Soil
soil
Mycelium
mycelium
Forests
oxidation
coniferous forest
Plant Roots
Hyphae
vegetation cover

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Soil Science

Cite this

Rhizosphere activity and atmospheric methane concentrations drive variations of methane fluxes in a temperate forest soil. / Subke, Jens Arne (Corresponding Author); Moody, Catherine S.; Hill, Timothy C.; Voke, Naomi; Toet, Sylvia; Ineson, Philip; Teh, Yit Arn.

In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol. 116, 01.01.2018, p. 323-332.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Subke, Jens Arne ; Moody, Catherine S. ; Hill, Timothy C. ; Voke, Naomi ; Toet, Sylvia ; Ineson, Philip ; Teh, Yit Arn. / Rhizosphere activity and atmospheric methane concentrations drive variations of methane fluxes in a temperate forest soil. In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 2018 ; Vol. 116. pp. 323-332.
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abstract = "Aerated soils represent an important sink for atmospheric methane (CH4), due to the effect of methanotrophic bacteria, thus mitigating current atmospheric CH4 increases. Whilst rates of CH4 oxidation have been linked to types of vegetation cover, there has been no systematic investigation of the interaction between plants and soil in relation to the strength of the soil CH4 sink. We used quasi-continuous automated chamber measurements of soil CH4 and CO2 flux from soil collar treatments that selectively include root and ectomycorrhizal (ECM) mycelium to investigate the role of rhizosphere activity as well as the effects of other environmental drivers on CH4 uptake in a temperate coniferous forest soil. We also assessed the potential impact of measurement bias from sporadic chamber measurements in altering estimates of soil CO2 efflux and CH4 uptake. Results show a clear effect of the presence of live roots and ECM mycelium on soil CO2 efflux and CH4 uptake. The presence of ECM hyphae alone (without plant roots) showed intermediate fluxes of both CO2 and CH4 relative to soils that either contained roots and ECM mycelium, or soil lacking root- and ECM mycelium. Regression analysis confirmed a significant influence of soil moisture as well as temperature on flux dynamics of both CH4 and CO2 flux. We further found a surprising increase in soil CH4 uptake during the night, and discuss diurnal fluctuations in atmospheric CH4 (with higher concentrations during stable atmospheric conditions at night) as a potential driver of CH4 oxidation rates. Using the high temporal resolution of our data set, we show that low-frequency sampling results in systematic bias of up-scaled flux estimates, resulting in under-estimates of up to 20{\%} at our study site, due to fluctuations in flux dynamics on diurnal as well as longer time scales.",
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AU - Toet, Sylvia

AU - Ineson, Philip

AU - Teh, Yit Arn

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N2 - Aerated soils represent an important sink for atmospheric methane (CH4), due to the effect of methanotrophic bacteria, thus mitigating current atmospheric CH4 increases. Whilst rates of CH4 oxidation have been linked to types of vegetation cover, there has been no systematic investigation of the interaction between plants and soil in relation to the strength of the soil CH4 sink. We used quasi-continuous automated chamber measurements of soil CH4 and CO2 flux from soil collar treatments that selectively include root and ectomycorrhizal (ECM) mycelium to investigate the role of rhizosphere activity as well as the effects of other environmental drivers on CH4 uptake in a temperate coniferous forest soil. We also assessed the potential impact of measurement bias from sporadic chamber measurements in altering estimates of soil CO2 efflux and CH4 uptake. Results show a clear effect of the presence of live roots and ECM mycelium on soil CO2 efflux and CH4 uptake. The presence of ECM hyphae alone (without plant roots) showed intermediate fluxes of both CO2 and CH4 relative to soils that either contained roots and ECM mycelium, or soil lacking root- and ECM mycelium. Regression analysis confirmed a significant influence of soil moisture as well as temperature on flux dynamics of both CH4 and CO2 flux. We further found a surprising increase in soil CH4 uptake during the night, and discuss diurnal fluctuations in atmospheric CH4 (with higher concentrations during stable atmospheric conditions at night) as a potential driver of CH4 oxidation rates. Using the high temporal resolution of our data set, we show that low-frequency sampling results in systematic bias of up-scaled flux estimates, resulting in under-estimates of up to 20% at our study site, due to fluctuations in flux dynamics on diurnal as well as longer time scales.

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