Risk Factors for Pre-Eclampsia: A Study in Tehran, Iran

Maryam Kashanian, Hamid Reza Baradaran, Shohreh Bahasadri, Razieh Alimohammadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study evaluated some risk factors for pre-eclampsia, which is one of the most problematic complications of pregnancy. This was a retrospective case control study conducted on 318 pre-eclamptic women (case group) and 318 women who were normotensive at the time of delivery as the control group. Evaluated factors were: maternal age, gestational age, nuliparity, mother's educational status, maternal body mass index (EMI), maternal hemoglobin and blood Rh, familial history of pre-eclampsia, history of pre-eclampsia in a previous pregnancy, marital relations, urinary infection (UTI) during the present pregnancy, season of delivery, and method of contraception. Risk factors for pre-eclampsia were: UTI (P=0.04); history of pre-eclampsia during previous pregnancy (P=0.003), and winter season (P=0.001). Maternal age of more than 20 years, high educational status of mother, parity more than one, and oral contraceptive pills were protective for pre-eclampsia. After adjusting for all possible confounding factors using multiple logistic regression, only preexisting pre-eclampsia (P=0.004) was a risk factor, whereas parity more than three (P=0.007) and anemia (P=0.01) were protective for pre-eclampsia. The rate of cesarean delivery was more common in the pre-eclamptic group (245 cases, 77%) than the control group (85 cases, 26.7%). The one minute Apgar score of neonates less than 8 was more common in the case group (28.6% vs. 47.4%, P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412-415
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Iranian Medicine
Volume14
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011

Fingerprint

Iran
Pre-Eclampsia
Educational Status
Maternal Age
Mothers
Parity
Pregnancy
Control Groups
Apgar Score
Pregnancy Complications
Oral Contraceptives
Infection
Contraception
Gestational Age
Case-Control Studies
Anemia
Hemoglobins
Body Mass Index
Logistic Models
Newborn Infant

Keywords

  • Gestational age
  • Pre-eclampsia
  • Pregnancy induced hypertension
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Kashanian, M., Baradaran, H. R., Bahasadri, S., & Alimohammadi, R. (2011). Risk Factors for Pre-Eclampsia: A Study in Tehran, Iran. Archives of Iranian Medicine, 14(6), 412-415.

Risk Factors for Pre-Eclampsia : A Study in Tehran, Iran. / Kashanian, Maryam; Baradaran, Hamid Reza; Bahasadri, Shohreh; Alimohammadi, Razieh.

In: Archives of Iranian Medicine, Vol. 14, No. 6, 11.2011, p. 412-415.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kashanian, M, Baradaran, HR, Bahasadri, S & Alimohammadi, R 2011, 'Risk Factors for Pre-Eclampsia: A Study in Tehran, Iran' Archives of Iranian Medicine, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 412-415.
Kashanian M, Baradaran HR, Bahasadri S, Alimohammadi R. Risk Factors for Pre-Eclampsia: A Study in Tehran, Iran. Archives of Iranian Medicine. 2011 Nov;14(6):412-415.
Kashanian, Maryam ; Baradaran, Hamid Reza ; Bahasadri, Shohreh ; Alimohammadi, Razieh. / Risk Factors for Pre-Eclampsia : A Study in Tehran, Iran. In: Archives of Iranian Medicine. 2011 ; Vol. 14, No. 6. pp. 412-415.
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