Risk of barrett's oesophagus, oesophageal adenocarcinoma and reflux oesophagitis and the use of nitrates and asthma medications

Todd C. Ladanchuk, Brian T. Johnston, Liam J. Murray, Lesley A. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To investigate the relationship between use of asthma medication and nitrates and risk of reflux oesophagitis, Barrett's oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Material and methods. Data were collected on use of asthma medication and nitrates at least 1 year before interview from patients with reflux oesophagitis, Barrett's oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Associations between use of asthma medications and nitrates and the risk of reflux oesophagitis, Barrett's oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma were estimated using multiple logistic regression. Results. Nine hundred and forty-one subjects were recruited: 230 reflux oesophagitis, 224 Barrett's oesophagus, 227 oesophageal adenocarcinoma patients and 260 population controls. Barrett's oesophagus patients were more likely than controls to have had a diagnosis of asthma (odds ratio 2.15, 95% confidence interval 1.15-4.03) and to have used asthma medications (odds ratio 2.13, 95% confidence interval 1.09-4.16). No significant associations were observed between use of asthma medication or nitrates and reflux oesophagitis or oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Conclusions. Gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms appear to confound the association between asthma medication use and Barrett's oesophagus. However, it is possible that asthma medications may increase the risk of Barrett's oesophagus by other mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1397-1403
Number of pages7
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume45
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2010

Keywords

  • Anti-asthmatic agents
  • Asthma
  • Barrett's oesophagus
  • Nitrates
  • Nitric oxide donors
  • Oesophageal adenocarcinoma
  • Oesophageal disorders
  • Reflux oesophagitis

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