Role of cannabinoid receptors in the regulation of cardiac contractility during ischemia/reperfusion

L. N. Maslov, O. V. Lasukova, A. V. Krylatov, L. O. Hanus, Roger Guy Pertwee, I. I. Ivanchuk, D. Crowford

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Abstract

We studied the effect of selective ligands of cannabinoid (CB) receptors on contractility of isolated Langendorff-perfused rat heart under conditions of 45-min total ischemia and 30-min reperfusion. Perfusion with a solution containing selective CB receptor agonist HU-210 for 10 min before ischemia increased the severity of reperfusion contractile dysfunction. This drug decreased left ventricular developed pressure and maximum rates of contraction and relaxation, but had no effect on heart rate and end-diastolic pressure. The negative inotropic effect of the drug was transitory and disappeared after 5-min reperfusion. Pretreatment with selective CB1 receptor antagonist SR141716A and selective CB2 receptor antagonist SR144528 had no effect on heart rate and myocardial contractility during reperfusion. Our results indicate that stimulation of CB receptors can increase the degree of reperfusion-induced cardiac contractile dysfunction. However, endogenous cannabinoids are not involved in the development of myocardial contractile dysfunction during ischemia/reperfusion of the isolated heart.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-561
Number of pages5
JournalBulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Volume142
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • cannabinoid receptors
  • cardiac contractility
  • ischemia
  • reperfusion
  • isolated heart
  • rats

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