Role of proteins in insulin secretion and glycemic control

Bhupinder Kaur, Viren Ranawana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dietary proteins are essential for the life of all animals and humans at all stages of the life cycle. They serve many structural and biochemical functions and have significant effects on health and wellbeing. Dietary protein consumption has shown an upward trend in developed countries in the past two decades primarily due to greater supply and affordability. Consumption is also on the rise in developing countries as affluence is increasing. Research shows that proteins have a notable impact on glucose homeostasis mechanisms, predominantly through their effects on insulin, incretins, gluconeogenesis, and gastric emptying. Since higher protein consumption and impaired glucose tolerance can be commonly seen in the same population demographics, a thorough understanding of the former's role in glucose homeostasis is crucial both toward the prevention and management of the latter. This chapter reviews the current state of the art on proteins, amino acids, and their effects on blood glucose and insulin secretion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-47
Number of pages47
JournalAdvances in Food and Nutrition Research
Volume70
Early online date27 May 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Blood Glucose
  • Homeostasis
  • Humans
  • Insulin
  • Proteins
  • Amino Acid
  • Glucagon
  • Gylecemia
  • Insulinemia

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