Romans 16:2, προσττις/προσττης, and the Application of Reciprocal Relationships to New Testament Texts

Erlend D. MacGillivray

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This article re-examines the meaning of the title given to Phoebe in Rom 16:2-commonly understood in contemporary scholarship as presenting Phoebe as Paul's patron. This position is challenged with reference to recent studies which argue for broadening our understanding of ancient reciprocity beyond the definitions of a patron-client relationship, and also by re- evaluating the semantic range of It argues that we should see Phoebe and Paul's relationship as working within a general reciprocity dynamic of benefaction, rather than within the specific relationship of the patron-client relationship.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-199
Number of pages17
JournalNovum Testamentum
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Patronage
  • Reciprocity
  • Benefaction
  • Phoebe

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