Salmonella-Typhimurium and Salmonella-Enteritidis Induce Gut Growth and Increase the Polyamine Content of the Rat Small-Intestine In-Vivo

P J NAUGHTON, George Grant, S.w.b. Ewen, R J SPENCER, David Stanley Brown, A PUSZTAI, S BARDOCZ

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Abstract

The effects of infection by Salmonella enteritidis and S. typhimurium on the small and large intestines, liver, spleen and mesenteric nodules of rats were studied in vivo. Both Salmonella serotypes persisted and proliferated in the gastrointestinal tract and invaded sub-epithelial tissues, mainly the ileum, leading to the systemic distribution of these pathogens. Coincidental with the infection, the rate of crypt cell proliferation increased resulting in substantial growth of the small intestine. The extent of this and the accompanying accumulation of polyamines was particularly dramatic in the ileum where there was also some disruption of the villus epithelium. It is possible that these effects of the infection on the metabolism and morphology of the small bowel, which strongly resembled the changes induced by some plant lectins, may facilitate the colonisation and invasion of the gut by Salmonellae.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-257
Number of pages7
JournalFEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology
Volume12
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1995

Keywords

  • Salmonella
  • gut
  • polyamine
  • rat
  • fluid secretion
  • rabbit ileum
  • mice
  • metabolism
  • passage
  • lectins

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