Satellite data for the offshore renewable energy sector: synergies and innovation opportunities

E. Medina-Lopez* (Corresponding Author), D. McMillan, J. Lazic, E. Hart, S. Zen, A. Angeloudis, E. Bannon, J. Browell, S. Dorling, R. M. Dorrell, R. Forster, C. Old, G. S. Payne, G. Porter, A. S. Rabaneda, B. Sellar, E. Tapoglou, Neda Trifonova (Collaborator), I. H. Woodhouse, Arianna Zampollo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Can satellite data be used to address challenges currently faced by the Offshore Renewable Energy (ORE) sector? What benefit can satellite observations bring to resource assessment and maintenance of ORE farms? Can satellite observations be used to assess the environmental impact of offshore renewables leading towards a more sustainable ORE sector? This review paper faces these questions presenting a holistic view of the current interactions between satellite and ORE sectors, and future needs to make this partnership grow. The aim of the work is to start the conversation between these sectors by establishing a common ground. We present offshore needs and satellite technology limitations, as well as potential opportunities and areas of growth. To better understand this, the reader is guided through the history, current developments, challenges and future of offshore wind, tidal and wave energy technologies. Then, an overview on satellite observations for ocean applications is given, covering types of instruments and how they are used to provide different metocean variables, satellite performance, and data processing and integration. Past, present and future satellite missions are also discussed. Finally, the paper focuses on innovation opportunities and the potential of synergies between the ORE and satellite sectors. Specifically, we pay attention to improvements that satellite observations could bring to standard measurement techniques: assessing uncertainty, wind, tidal and wave conditions forecast, as well as environmental monitoring from space. Satellite–enabled measurement of ocean physical processes and applications for fisheries, mammals and birds, and habitat change, are also discussed in depth.
Original languageEnglish
Article number112588
Number of pages26
JournalRemote Sensing of Environment
Volume264
Early online date15 Jul 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Satellite data
  • Offshore renewable energy (ORE)
  • wind
  • tidal
  • wave
  • SAR
  • sustainable ORE sector

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