Scattering images from autocorrelation functions of P-wave seismic velocity images: the case of Tenerife Island (Canary Islands, Spain)

A. Garcia-Yeguas, A. Sánchez-Alzola, L. de Siena, J. Prudencio, A. Diaz-Moreno, J. M. Ibáñez

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Abstract

We present a P-wave scattering image of the volcanic structures under Tenerife Island using the autocorrelation functions of P-wave vertical velocity fluctuations. We have applied a cluster analysis to total quality factor attenuation ( Q−1tQt−1 ) and scattering quality factor attenuation ( Q−1PScQPSc−1 ) images to interpret the structures in terms of intrinsic and scattering attenuation variations on a 2D plane, corresponding to a depth of 2000 m, and check the robustness of the scattering imaging. The results show that scattering patterns are similar to total attenuation patterns in the south of the island. There are two main areas where patterns differ: at Cañadas-Teide-Pico Viejo Complex, high total attenuation and average-to-low scattering values are observed. We interpret the difference as induced by intrinsic attenuation. In the Santiago Ridge Zone (SRZ) region, high scattering values correspond to average total attenuation. In our interpretation, the anomaly is induced by an extended scatterer, geometrically related to the surficial traces of Garachico and El Chinyero historical eruptions and the area of highest seismic activity during the 2004–2008 seismic crises.
Original languageEnglish
Article number24
JournalBulletin of Volcanology
Volume80
Early online date17 Feb 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • P-wave scattering images
  • Canary Islands
  • velocity and attenuation seismic tomography
  • autocorrelation functions

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