Schubert calculus and singularity theory

Vassily Gorbunov, Victor Petrov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Schubert calculus has been in the intersection of several fast developing areas of mathematics for a long time. Originally invented as the description of the cohomology of homogeneous spaces, it has to be redesigned when applied to other generalized cohomology theories such as the equivariant, the quantum cohomology, K-theory, and cobordism. All this cohomology theories are different deformations of the ordinary cohomology. In this note, we show that there is, in some sense, the universal deformation of Schubert calculus which produces the above mentioned by specialization of the appropriate parameters. We build on the work of Lerche Vafa and Warner. The main conjecture these authors made was that the classical cohomology of a Hermitian symmetric homogeneous manifold is a Jacobi ring of an appropriate potential. We extend this conjecture and provide a simple proof. Namely, we show that the cohomology of the Hermitian symmetric space is a Jacobi ring of a certain potential and the equivariant and the quantum cohomology and the K-theory is a Jacobi ring of a particular deformation of this potential. This suggests to study the most general deformations of the Frobenius algebra of cohomology of these manifolds by considering the versal deformation of the appropriate potential. The structure of the Jacobi ring of such potential is a subject of well developed singularity theory. This gives a potentially new way to look at the classical, the equivariant, the quantum and other flavors of Schubert calculus.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-360
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Geometry and Physics
Volume62
Issue number2
Early online date4 Nov 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • Schubert calculus
  • homogeneous spaces
  • Jacobi rings
  • Landau–Ginzburg model
  • mirror symmetry
  • Frobenius manifolds

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