Scientific opinion on the evaluation of substances as acceptable previous cargoes for edible fats and oils

Helle Katrine Knutsen, Alexander Jan, Lars Barregård, Margherita Bignami, Beat Brüschweiler, Sandra Ceccatelli, Bruce Cottrill, Michael Dinovi, Lutz Edler, Christer Hogstrand, Laurentius (Ron) Hoogenboom, Carlo Nebbia, Isabelle Oswald, Annette Petersen, Martin Rose, Alain-Claude Roudot, Tanja Schwerdtle, Günter Vollmer, Heather Wallace, Bettina Grasl-Kraupp & 6 others Konrad Grob, André Penninks, Marco Binaglia, Ruth Roldán Torres, Christiane Vleminckx, EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM)

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Abstract

Shipping of edible fats and oils into Europe is permitted in bulk tanks, provided that the previous cargo is included in a positive list. The European Commission requested EFSA to evaluate the acceptability as previous cargoes for fats and oils the substances calcium lignosulphonate, methyl acetate, ethyl tert-butyl ether (ETBE) and ammonium sulphate. The evaluation was based on the same criteria as those used for the evaluation of the substances currently on the list in the Annex to Commission Directive 96/3/EC as acceptable previous cargoes for edible fats and oils. Methyl acetate and ETBE meet the criteria for acceptability as previous cargoes. Due to uncertainties, mainly with regard to the composition and toxicity of the low molecular mass fraction, and the fact that the toxicological database is limited to the 40–65 grade and does not cover all grades of calcium lignosulphonate shipped as previous cargoes, the EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM Panel) concluded that calcium lignosulphonate does not meet the criteria for acceptability as a previous cargo. Only food-grade ammonium sulphate meets the criteria for acceptability as a previous cargo due to uncertainties about impurities in other (non-food) grades.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere04656
JournalEFSA Journal
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2017

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cargo
oil
calcium
ammonium sulfate
ether
acetate
European Commission
opinion
evaluation
edible fat
shipping
food chain
fat
toxicity
food
pollutant

Keywords

  • acceptable previous cargo
  • edible fats and oils
  • sea transport
  • calcium lignosulphonate
  • methyl acetate
  • ethyl tert-butyl ether
  • ammonium sulphate

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Knutsen, H. K., Jan, A., Barregård, L., Bignami, M., Brüschweiler, B., Ceccatelli, S., ... EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM) (2017). Scientific opinion on the evaluation of substances as acceptable previous cargoes for edible fats and oils. EFSA Journal, 15(1), [e04656]. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4656

Scientific opinion on the evaluation of substances as acceptable previous cargoes for edible fats and oils. / Knutsen, Helle Katrine ; Jan, Alexander; Barregård, Lars; Bignami, Margherita; Brüschweiler, Beat ; Ceccatelli, Sandra; Cottrill, Bruce; Dinovi, Michael; Edler, Lutz; Hogstrand, Christer ; Hoogenboom, Laurentius (Ron) ; Nebbia, Carlo; Oswald, Isabelle ; Petersen, Annette ; Rose, Martin ; Roudot, Alain-Claude ; Schwerdtle, Tanja ; Vollmer, Günter ; Wallace, Heather; Grasl-Kraupp, Bettina ; Grob, Konrad; Penninks, André; Binaglia, Marco ; Torres, Ruth Roldán; Vleminckx, Christiane ; EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM).

In: EFSA Journal, Vol. 15, No. 1, e04656, 18.01.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Knutsen, HK, Jan, A, Barregård, L, Bignami, M, Brüschweiler, B, Ceccatelli, S, Cottrill, B, Dinovi, M, Edler, L, Hogstrand, C, Hoogenboom, LR, Nebbia, C, Oswald, I, Petersen, A, Rose, M, Roudot, A-C, Schwerdtle, T, Vollmer, G, Wallace, H, Grasl-Kraupp, B, Grob, K, Penninks, A, Binaglia, M, Torres, RR, Vleminckx, C & EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM) 2017, 'Scientific opinion on the evaluation of substances as acceptable previous cargoes for edible fats and oils', EFSA Journal, vol. 15, no. 1, e04656. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4656
Knutsen HK, Jan A, Barregård L, Bignami M, Brüschweiler B, Ceccatelli S et al. Scientific opinion on the evaluation of substances as acceptable previous cargoes for edible fats and oils. EFSA Journal. 2017 Jan 18;15(1). e04656. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4656
Knutsen, Helle Katrine ; Jan, Alexander ; Barregård, Lars ; Bignami, Margherita ; Brüschweiler, Beat ; Ceccatelli, Sandra ; Cottrill, Bruce ; Dinovi, Michael ; Edler, Lutz ; Hogstrand, Christer ; Hoogenboom, Laurentius (Ron) ; Nebbia, Carlo ; Oswald, Isabelle ; Petersen, Annette ; Rose, Martin ; Roudot, Alain-Claude ; Schwerdtle, Tanja ; Vollmer, Günter ; Wallace, Heather ; Grasl-Kraupp, Bettina ; Grob, Konrad ; Penninks, André ; Binaglia, Marco ; Torres, Ruth Roldán ; Vleminckx, Christiane ; EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM). / Scientific opinion on the evaluation of substances as acceptable previous cargoes for edible fats and oils. In: EFSA Journal. 2017 ; Vol. 15, No. 1.
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abstract = "Shipping of edible fats and oils into Europe is permitted in bulk tanks, provided that the previous cargo is included in a positive list. The European Commission requested EFSA to evaluate the acceptability as previous cargoes for fats and oils the substances calcium lignosulphonate, methyl acetate, ethyl tert-butyl ether (ETBE) and ammonium sulphate. The evaluation was based on the same criteria as those used for the evaluation of the substances currently on the list in the Annex to Commission Directive 96/3/EC as acceptable previous cargoes for edible fats and oils. Methyl acetate and ETBE meet the criteria for acceptability as previous cargoes. Due to uncertainties, mainly with regard to the composition and toxicity of the low molecular mass fraction, and the fact that the toxicological database is limited to the 40–65 grade and does not cover all grades of calcium lignosulphonate shipped as previous cargoes, the EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM Panel) concluded that calcium lignosulphonate does not meet the criteria for acceptability as a previous cargo. Only food-grade ammonium sulphate meets the criteria for acceptability as a previous cargo due to uncertainties about impurities in other (non-food) grades.",
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