Seabirds and Marine Renewables: Are we Asking the Right Questions?

Beth Emily Scott, Rebecca Langton, Evelyn Mary Philpott, James Jeffrey Waggitt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The rapid increase in marine renewable energy installations (MREIs) will result in the placing of many novel man-made structures within seabird foraging habitats, and such structures could potentially impact seabird populations directly and indirectly, positively and negatively. However, whether these potential impacts represent real ones, such that they cause detectable trends in population levels, remains unknown. Changes in population dynamics of seabirds are driven primarily by rates of reproduction and adult and juvenile survival, all three of which are impacted by foraging success. Therefore, revealing precisely how MREIs can affect seabird foraging success through changes in foraging behaviour is key to understanding whether large-scale installations could have impacts at a population level. Discussion focuses on how to define foraging habitat and how MREIs might impact those habitats and foraging behaviour indirectly by changes in oceanographic processes and prey characteristics. Foraging behaviours are also likely to be more directly impacted by MREIs, so focus here is also on how changes in foraging behaviour during the more constrained breeding season can influence reproductive output by altering individual energy budgets. A third and more-direct potential impact of MREIs on foraging behaviour is changes in diving behaviour. Throughout, relevant gaps in current knowledge that need to be addressed in order to make robust predictions as to how MREIs might impact seabird populations are highlighted.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMarine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions
EditorsMark A Shields, Andrew I. L. Payne
PublisherSpringer
Pages81-92
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)978-94-017-8002-5
ISBN (Print)978-94-017-8001-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Publication series

NameHumanity and the Sea
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
ISSN (Print)2213-607x

Fingerprint

seabird
foraging behavior
energy
habitat
diving behavior
energy budget
breeding season
population dynamics
prediction

Keywords

  • Diving behaviour
  • Energetics
  • Foraging behaviour
  • Foraging habitat
  • Marine renewables
  • Seabirds

Cite this

Scott, B. E., Langton, R., Philpott, E. M., & Waggitt, J. J. (2014). Seabirds and Marine Renewables: Are we Asking the Right Questions? In M. A. Shields, & A. I. L. Payne (Eds.), Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions (pp. 81-92). (Humanity and the Sea). Springer . https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-8002-5_7

Seabirds and Marine Renewables : Are we Asking the Right Questions? / Scott, Beth Emily; Langton, Rebecca; Philpott, Evelyn Mary; Waggitt, James Jeffrey.

Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions. ed. / Mark A Shields; Andrew I. L. Payne. Springer , 2014. p. 81-92 (Humanity and the Sea).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Scott, BE, Langton, R, Philpott, EM & Waggitt, JJ 2014, Seabirds and Marine Renewables: Are we Asking the Right Questions? in MA Shields & AIL Payne (eds), Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions. Humanity and the Sea, Springer , pp. 81-92. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-8002-5_7
Scott BE, Langton R, Philpott EM, Waggitt JJ. Seabirds and Marine Renewables: Are we Asking the Right Questions? In Shields MA, Payne AIL, editors, Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions. Springer . 2014. p. 81-92. (Humanity and the Sea). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-8002-5_7
Scott, Beth Emily ; Langton, Rebecca ; Philpott, Evelyn Mary ; Waggitt, James Jeffrey. / Seabirds and Marine Renewables : Are we Asking the Right Questions?. Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions. editor / Mark A Shields ; Andrew I. L. Payne. Springer , 2014. pp. 81-92 (Humanity and the Sea).
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