Seasonal affective disorder among primary care attenders and a community sample in Aberdeen

J M Eagles, S M Wileman, I M Cameron, F L Howie, K Lawton, D A Gray, J E Andrew, S A Naji

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34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background There are no large published studies of the prevalence of seasonal affective disorder (SAD) among UK populations.

Aim To determine the prevalence of SAD among patients attending a general practitioner (GP).

Method Patients aged 16-64 consulting their GPs in Aberdeen during January were screened with the Seasonal pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SPAQ). SPAQs were also mailed to 600 matched patients, who had not consulted their GP during January. Surgery attenders who fulfilled SPAQ criteria for SAD were invited for interview to determine whether they met criteria for SAD in DSM - IV and the Structured Interview Guide for the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression - Seasonal Affective Disorder Version (SIGH-SAD).

Results Of 6161 surgery attenders, 4557 (74%) completed a SPAQ; 442 (9.7%) were SPAQ cases of SAD. Rate of caseness on the SPAQ did not differ between surgery attenders and nonattenders. Of 223 interviewed SPAQ cases of SAD. 91 (41%) also fulfilled DSM-IV and SIGH-SAD criteria.

Conclusions There is a high prevalence of SAD among patients attending their GPs in January in Aberdeen; this is likely to reflect a similar rate in the community.

Declaration of interest Funded by the Scottish Office Department of Health and Grampian Healthcare NHS Trust.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)472-475
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
Volume175
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • PATTERN ASSESSMENT QUESTIONNAIRE
  • AFFECTIVE STATE
  • PREVALENCE
  • BEHAVIOR
  • MOOD
  • DEPRESSION
  • POPULATION

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