Seasonal variation in foraging conditions for Ring Ouzels Turdus torquatus in upland habitats and their effects on juvenile habitat selection

Innes M. W. Sim*, Sonja C. Ludwig, Murray C. Grant, Joanna L. Loughrey, Graham W. Rebecca, Steve Redpath

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies indicate that variation in juvenile survival may be particularly important in driving avian population dynamics. The quality of habitats available to inexperienced juveniles of migrant species is critical to their survival because they must obtain enough food to build up fat reserves for migration, while avoiding predation. We radiotracked 110 juvenile Ring Ouzels Turdus torquatus, a species of high conservation concern in the UK, to quantify for the first time seasonal patterns in foraging habitat and food abundance during this potentially key life-history period. Key attributes of foraging plots were compared with those on control plots (representing the broad habitat types selected by foraging juveniles) during 2007-08. Birds foraged on invertebrates in grass-rich plots during June to mid-July and then shifted to foraging mainly on moorland berries in higher-altitude, heather-rich plots during mid-July to early-September. Juveniles selected invertebrate foraging plots with low soil acidity, and increasingly selected plots with high earthworm (an important food) biomass and grass cover, but low grass and all vegetation height as the season progressed. In contrast, earthworm biomass and grass cover remained constant, and grass and all vegetation height increased, on control plots. Juveniles selected berry foraging plots with higher abundance of ripe Bilberries Vaccinium myrtillus and Crowberries Empetrum nigrum than found on control plots. Juvenile Ring Ouzels thus appear to require access to short, grass-and invertebrate-rich habitat during early summer, and taller, heather-dominated and berry-rich areas in late summer. The use of two distinct habitat types during the pre-migratory period illustrates the need for a detailed understanding of the requirements of juvenile birds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-54
Number of pages13
JournalIbis
Volume155
Issue number1
Early online date22 Oct 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • bilberry
  • crowberry
  • earthworm biomass
  • soil moisture
  • soil pH
  • vegetation height
  • population-growth rate
  • postfledgling dispersal
  • vaccinium-myrtillus
  • heather moorland
  • South Pennines
  • survival
  • birds
  • conservation
  • farmland
  • Britain

Cite this

Seasonal variation in foraging conditions for Ring Ouzels Turdus torquatus in upland habitats and their effects on juvenile habitat selection. / Sim, Innes M. W.; Ludwig, Sonja C.; Grant, Murray C.; Loughrey, Joanna L.; Rebecca, Graham W.; Redpath, Steve.

In: Ibis, Vol. 155, No. 1, 01.2013, p. 42-54.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sim, Innes M. W. ; Ludwig, Sonja C. ; Grant, Murray C. ; Loughrey, Joanna L. ; Rebecca, Graham W. ; Redpath, Steve. / Seasonal variation in foraging conditions for Ring Ouzels Turdus torquatus in upland habitats and their effects on juvenile habitat selection. In: Ibis. 2013 ; Vol. 155, No. 1. pp. 42-54.
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abstract = "Recent studies indicate that variation in juvenile survival may be particularly important in driving avian population dynamics. The quality of habitats available to inexperienced juveniles of migrant species is critical to their survival because they must obtain enough food to build up fat reserves for migration, while avoiding predation. We radiotracked 110 juvenile Ring Ouzels Turdus torquatus, a species of high conservation concern in the UK, to quantify for the first time seasonal patterns in foraging habitat and food abundance during this potentially key life-history period. Key attributes of foraging plots were compared with those on control plots (representing the broad habitat types selected by foraging juveniles) during 2007-08. Birds foraged on invertebrates in grass-rich plots during June to mid-July and then shifted to foraging mainly on moorland berries in higher-altitude, heather-rich plots during mid-July to early-September. Juveniles selected invertebrate foraging plots with low soil acidity, and increasingly selected plots with high earthworm (an important food) biomass and grass cover, but low grass and all vegetation height as the season progressed. In contrast, earthworm biomass and grass cover remained constant, and grass and all vegetation height increased, on control plots. Juveniles selected berry foraging plots with higher abundance of ripe Bilberries Vaccinium myrtillus and Crowberries Empetrum nigrum than found on control plots. Juvenile Ring Ouzels thus appear to require access to short, grass-and invertebrate-rich habitat during early summer, and taller, heather-dominated and berry-rich areas in late summer. The use of two distinct habitat types during the pre-migratory period illustrates the need for a detailed understanding of the requirements of juvenile birds.",
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AB - Recent studies indicate that variation in juvenile survival may be particularly important in driving avian population dynamics. The quality of habitats available to inexperienced juveniles of migrant species is critical to their survival because they must obtain enough food to build up fat reserves for migration, while avoiding predation. We radiotracked 110 juvenile Ring Ouzels Turdus torquatus, a species of high conservation concern in the UK, to quantify for the first time seasonal patterns in foraging habitat and food abundance during this potentially key life-history period. Key attributes of foraging plots were compared with those on control plots (representing the broad habitat types selected by foraging juveniles) during 2007-08. Birds foraged on invertebrates in grass-rich plots during June to mid-July and then shifted to foraging mainly on moorland berries in higher-altitude, heather-rich plots during mid-July to early-September. Juveniles selected invertebrate foraging plots with low soil acidity, and increasingly selected plots with high earthworm (an important food) biomass and grass cover, but low grass and all vegetation height as the season progressed. In contrast, earthworm biomass and grass cover remained constant, and grass and all vegetation height increased, on control plots. Juveniles selected berry foraging plots with higher abundance of ripe Bilberries Vaccinium myrtillus and Crowberries Empetrum nigrum than found on control plots. Juvenile Ring Ouzels thus appear to require access to short, grass-and invertebrate-rich habitat during early summer, and taller, heather-dominated and berry-rich areas in late summer. The use of two distinct habitat types during the pre-migratory period illustrates the need for a detailed understanding of the requirements of juvenile birds.

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KW - earthworm biomass

KW - soil moisture

KW - soil pH

KW - vegetation height

KW - population-growth rate

KW - postfledgling dispersal

KW - vaccinium-myrtillus

KW - heather moorland

KW - South Pennines

KW - survival

KW - birds

KW - conservation

KW - farmland

KW - Britain

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DO - 10.1111/ibi.12002

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JF - Ibis

SN - 0019-1019

IS - 1

ER -