Secondhand smoke levels in Scottish bars 5 years on from the introduction of smoke-free legislation

Andrew Apsley, Sean Semple

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ObjectiveTo determine current secondhand smoke (SHS) concentrations in bars previously assessed as part of an evaluation of Scottish smoke-free legislation 5 years ago.DesignComparison between SHS levels measured in 2006 and 2011 in 39 pubs in 2 Scottish cities.MethodsFine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) was measured discreetly for 30 min in each bar on one or two visits 5 years after the previous visit in May/June 2006. These 5-year follow-up visits were undertaken on the same day of the week and at approximately the same time of day.ResultsAverage PM(2.5) levels measured in a total of 51 bar visits in 2011 were 12 µg/m(3) (range 2-155 µg/m(3)) compared to 20 µg/m(3) (range 6-104 µg/m(3)) in the period immediately after the ban in 2006. Fine particulate concentrations in all but two visits in 2011 were comparable to PM(2.5) levels measured in outside ambient air on the same day, with 92% of visits (n=47) providing 30-min average PM(2.5) concentrations less than 25 µg/m(3).ConclusionsThese results are one of the longest follow-up of any national smoke-free legislation and indicate that, 5 years after introduction, compliance is high and that the legislation continues to provide bar workers and non-smoking customers protection from SHS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-513
Number of pages3
JournalTobacco Control
Volume21
Issue number5
Early online date20 Oct 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

Fingerprint

Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Legislation
Smoke
legislation
time of day
Particulate Matter
ban
Compliance
customer
Air
air
worker
evaluation

Cite this

Secondhand smoke levels in Scottish bars 5 years on from the introduction of smoke-free legislation. / Apsley, Andrew; Semple, Sean.

In: Tobacco Control, Vol. 21, No. 5, 09.2012, p. 511-513.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Apsley, Andrew ; Semple, Sean. / Secondhand smoke levels in Scottish bars 5 years on from the introduction of smoke-free legislation. In: Tobacco Control. 2012 ; Vol. 21, No. 5. pp. 511-513.
@article{ca27706a9e194a98811feffd86c31f32,
title = "Secondhand smoke levels in Scottish bars 5 years on from the introduction of smoke-free legislation",
abstract = "ObjectiveTo determine current secondhand smoke (SHS) concentrations in bars previously assessed as part of an evaluation of Scottish smoke-free legislation 5 years ago.DesignComparison between SHS levels measured in 2006 and 2011 in 39 pubs in 2 Scottish cities.MethodsFine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) was measured discreetly for 30 min in each bar on one or two visits 5 years after the previous visit in May/June 2006. These 5-year follow-up visits were undertaken on the same day of the week and at approximately the same time of day.ResultsAverage PM(2.5) levels measured in a total of 51 bar visits in 2011 were 12 µg/m(3) (range 2-155 µg/m(3)) compared to 20 µg/m(3) (range 6-104 µg/m(3)) in the period immediately after the ban in 2006. Fine particulate concentrations in all but two visits in 2011 were comparable to PM(2.5) levels measured in outside ambient air on the same day, with 92{\%} of visits (n=47) providing 30-min average PM(2.5) concentrations less than 25 µg/m(3).ConclusionsThese results are one of the longest follow-up of any national smoke-free legislation and indicate that, 5 years after introduction, compliance is high and that the legislation continues to provide bar workers and non-smoking customers protection from SHS.",
author = "Andrew Apsley and Sean Semple",
year = "2012",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2011-050107",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "511--513",
journal = "Tobacco Control",
issn = "0964-4563",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Secondhand smoke levels in Scottish bars 5 years on from the introduction of smoke-free legislation

AU - Apsley, Andrew

AU - Semple, Sean

PY - 2012/9

Y1 - 2012/9

N2 - ObjectiveTo determine current secondhand smoke (SHS) concentrations in bars previously assessed as part of an evaluation of Scottish smoke-free legislation 5 years ago.DesignComparison between SHS levels measured in 2006 and 2011 in 39 pubs in 2 Scottish cities.MethodsFine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) was measured discreetly for 30 min in each bar on one or two visits 5 years after the previous visit in May/June 2006. These 5-year follow-up visits were undertaken on the same day of the week and at approximately the same time of day.ResultsAverage PM(2.5) levels measured in a total of 51 bar visits in 2011 were 12 µg/m(3) (range 2-155 µg/m(3)) compared to 20 µg/m(3) (range 6-104 µg/m(3)) in the period immediately after the ban in 2006. Fine particulate concentrations in all but two visits in 2011 were comparable to PM(2.5) levels measured in outside ambient air on the same day, with 92% of visits (n=47) providing 30-min average PM(2.5) concentrations less than 25 µg/m(3).ConclusionsThese results are one of the longest follow-up of any national smoke-free legislation and indicate that, 5 years after introduction, compliance is high and that the legislation continues to provide bar workers and non-smoking customers protection from SHS.

AB - ObjectiveTo determine current secondhand smoke (SHS) concentrations in bars previously assessed as part of an evaluation of Scottish smoke-free legislation 5 years ago.DesignComparison between SHS levels measured in 2006 and 2011 in 39 pubs in 2 Scottish cities.MethodsFine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) was measured discreetly for 30 min in each bar on one or two visits 5 years after the previous visit in May/June 2006. These 5-year follow-up visits were undertaken on the same day of the week and at approximately the same time of day.ResultsAverage PM(2.5) levels measured in a total of 51 bar visits in 2011 were 12 µg/m(3) (range 2-155 µg/m(3)) compared to 20 µg/m(3) (range 6-104 µg/m(3)) in the period immediately after the ban in 2006. Fine particulate concentrations in all but two visits in 2011 were comparable to PM(2.5) levels measured in outside ambient air on the same day, with 92% of visits (n=47) providing 30-min average PM(2.5) concentrations less than 25 µg/m(3).ConclusionsThese results are one of the longest follow-up of any national smoke-free legislation and indicate that, 5 years after introduction, compliance is high and that the legislation continues to provide bar workers and non-smoking customers protection from SHS.

U2 - 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2011-050107

DO - 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2011-050107

M3 - Article

C2 - 22016506

VL - 21

SP - 511

EP - 513

JO - Tobacco Control

JF - Tobacco Control

SN - 0964-4563

IS - 5

ER -