Sedimentary evidence of intense hurricane strikes from New Jersey

JP Donnelly*, S Roll, M Wengren, Jessica Erin Butler, R Lederer, T Webb

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

135 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nine Vibracores from the backbarrier marsh at Whale Beach, New Jersey, reveal three large-scale overwash deposits associated with historic and prehistoric storms. The uppermost and smallest overwash fan was deposited in the Ash Wednesday northeaster of March 5-8, 1962, A second more substantial overwash fan between 100 and 35 cm depth dates to the late eighteenth or early nineteenth century. This fan was most likely deposited during the 1821 hurricane, the only intense hurricane to make landfall in New jersey in the past 350 yr, A third, larger overwash fan between 200 and 300 cm depth was deposited between A.D. 1278 and 1438 and is likely the result of a prehistoric intense hurricane strike. The combination of historical and stratigraphic evidence indicates that two intense hurricanes (winds > 50 m s(-1)) have likely made landfall on the southern New Jersey coast in the past 700 yr, resulting in an annual landfall probability of 0.3%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)615-618
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume29
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2001

Keywords

  • barrier beaches
  • overwash
  • salt marshes
  • storms
  • stratigraphy
  • MARSH

Cite this

Donnelly, JP., Roll, S., Wengren, M., Butler, J. E., Lederer, R., & Webb, T. (2001). Sedimentary evidence of intense hurricane strikes from New Jersey. Geology, 29(7), 615-618.

Sedimentary evidence of intense hurricane strikes from New Jersey. / Donnelly, JP; Roll, S; Wengren, M; Butler, Jessica Erin; Lederer, R; Webb, T.

In: Geology, Vol. 29, No. 7, 07.2001, p. 615-618.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Donnelly, JP, Roll, S, Wengren, M, Butler, JE, Lederer, R & Webb, T 2001, 'Sedimentary evidence of intense hurricane strikes from New Jersey', Geology, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 615-618.
Donnelly JP, Roll S, Wengren M, Butler JE, Lederer R, Webb T. Sedimentary evidence of intense hurricane strikes from New Jersey. Geology. 2001 Jul;29(7):615-618.
Donnelly, JP ; Roll, S ; Wengren, M ; Butler, Jessica Erin ; Lederer, R ; Webb, T. / Sedimentary evidence of intense hurricane strikes from New Jersey. In: Geology. 2001 ; Vol. 29, No. 7. pp. 615-618.
@article{4fd05d677d96488d9d1138ca0bb3acf6,
title = "Sedimentary evidence of intense hurricane strikes from New Jersey",
abstract = "Nine Vibracores from the backbarrier marsh at Whale Beach, New Jersey, reveal three large-scale overwash deposits associated with historic and prehistoric storms. The uppermost and smallest overwash fan was deposited in the Ash Wednesday northeaster of March 5-8, 1962, A second more substantial overwash fan between 100 and 35 cm depth dates to the late eighteenth or early nineteenth century. This fan was most likely deposited during the 1821 hurricane, the only intense hurricane to make landfall in New jersey in the past 350 yr, A third, larger overwash fan between 200 and 300 cm depth was deposited between A.D. 1278 and 1438 and is likely the result of a prehistoric intense hurricane strike. The combination of historical and stratigraphic evidence indicates that two intense hurricanes (winds > 50 m s(-1)) have likely made landfall on the southern New Jersey coast in the past 700 yr, resulting in an annual landfall probability of 0.3{\%}.",
keywords = "barrier beaches, overwash, salt marshes, storms, stratigraphy, MARSH",
author = "JP Donnelly and S Roll and M Wengren and Butler, {Jessica Erin} and R Lederer and T Webb",
year = "2001",
month = "7",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "615--618",
journal = "Geology",
issn = "0091-7613",
publisher = "GEOLOGICAL SOC AMER, INC",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sedimentary evidence of intense hurricane strikes from New Jersey

AU - Donnelly, JP

AU - Roll, S

AU - Wengren, M

AU - Butler, Jessica Erin

AU - Lederer, R

AU - Webb, T

PY - 2001/7

Y1 - 2001/7

N2 - Nine Vibracores from the backbarrier marsh at Whale Beach, New Jersey, reveal three large-scale overwash deposits associated with historic and prehistoric storms. The uppermost and smallest overwash fan was deposited in the Ash Wednesday northeaster of March 5-8, 1962, A second more substantial overwash fan between 100 and 35 cm depth dates to the late eighteenth or early nineteenth century. This fan was most likely deposited during the 1821 hurricane, the only intense hurricane to make landfall in New jersey in the past 350 yr, A third, larger overwash fan between 200 and 300 cm depth was deposited between A.D. 1278 and 1438 and is likely the result of a prehistoric intense hurricane strike. The combination of historical and stratigraphic evidence indicates that two intense hurricanes (winds > 50 m s(-1)) have likely made landfall on the southern New Jersey coast in the past 700 yr, resulting in an annual landfall probability of 0.3%.

AB - Nine Vibracores from the backbarrier marsh at Whale Beach, New Jersey, reveal three large-scale overwash deposits associated with historic and prehistoric storms. The uppermost and smallest overwash fan was deposited in the Ash Wednesday northeaster of March 5-8, 1962, A second more substantial overwash fan between 100 and 35 cm depth dates to the late eighteenth or early nineteenth century. This fan was most likely deposited during the 1821 hurricane, the only intense hurricane to make landfall in New jersey in the past 350 yr, A third, larger overwash fan between 200 and 300 cm depth was deposited between A.D. 1278 and 1438 and is likely the result of a prehistoric intense hurricane strike. The combination of historical and stratigraphic evidence indicates that two intense hurricanes (winds > 50 m s(-1)) have likely made landfall on the southern New Jersey coast in the past 700 yr, resulting in an annual landfall probability of 0.3%.

KW - barrier beaches

KW - overwash

KW - salt marshes

KW - storms

KW - stratigraphy

KW - MARSH

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 615

EP - 618

JO - Geology

JF - Geology

SN - 0091-7613

IS - 7

ER -