Seismostratigraphy of the Ceará Plateau

Clues to Decipher the Cenozoic Evolution of Brazilian Equatorial Margin

Luigi Jovane (Corresponding Author), Jorge Picanco Figueiredo, Daniel Pavani Alves, David Iacopini, Martino Giorgioni, Paola Vannucchi, Denise Silva de Moura, Francisco Hilario Bezerra, Helenic Vital, Isabella Rios, Eder C.Molina

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Abstract

The Ceará Plateau offshore Fortaleza holds some particular characteristics when compared to the other seamounts of the Brazilian Equatorial Margin (BEM). Not only it is the largest and the closest to the continent, it is also located at the boundary between the continental and the oceanic crusts, while all the others seamounts along the BEM are located on oceanic crust. For this reasons, the Ceará Plateau represents a key area to study the stratigraphy of the region throughout proximal to deep ocean facies in relation to sea-level and oceanographic variations. Seismic interpretation is performed providing important stratigraphic features of the sedimentary pattern of the Ceará and Potiguar basins. Moreover, seismic imaging of the Ceará Plateau shows a “disorganized” interior, probably of volcanic origin, overlain by a series of horizontal seismic reflectors that can be interpreted as pelagic/hemipelagic sediments. As large uncertainties exist about the age of the initial formation of this seamount, three scenarios must be considered. If the age of the volcanic edifice is Coniacian (1), then the overlying pelagic/hemipelagic sedimentary succession can include an almost continuous record of the last ~90 Ma at the Equatorial Atlantic Ocean. In the case that the volcanic edifice is Eocene in age (2), the sedimentary sequence would still encompass the upper Paleogene and all the Neogene. There is also the possibility that the volcanic edifice was built during multiple magmatic events (3). In this case, it is likely that the sediments are interfingered with volcanic rocks at the edge of the structure. Although the age estimation (between Coniacian and Eocene) has an uncertainty of more than 40 Myr, the current interpretation is that it developed initially as a volcanic edifice, formed by a series of magmatic events that occurred between the Santonian and the Eocene. Since then, the topography has been leveled by pelagic/hemipelagic sedimentation. Whichever was the initial age, a continuous and constant sequence of sediments deposited onto the Ceará Plateau, at the same latitude, and thus under the same oceanographic conditions, for the last several tens of million years. This would candidate the Ceará Plateau as a suitable opportunity to record a long-term history of the Atlantic Equatorial Margin.
Original languageEnglish
Article number90
JournalFrontiers in Earth Science
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2016

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plateau
seamount
Eocene
Coniacian
oceanic crust
stratigraphic feature
sediment
Santonian
ocean
sedimentary sequence
Paleogene
Neogene
volcanic rock
stratigraphy
topography
sea level
sedimentation
history
basin

Keywords

  • ceará plateau
  • potiguar basin
  • brazilian equatorial margin
  • cenozoic
  • seismostratigraphy

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Seismostratigraphy of the Ceará Plateau : Clues to Decipher the Cenozoic Evolution of Brazilian Equatorial Margin. / Jovane, Luigi (Corresponding Author); Picanco Figueiredo, Jorge; Pavani Alves, Daniel; Iacopini, David; Giorgioni, Martino; Vannucchi, Paola; Silva de Moura, Denise; Hilario Bezerra, Francisco; Vital, Helenic; Rios, Isabella; C.Molina, Eder.

In: Frontiers in Earth Science, Vol. 4, 90, 25.10.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jovane, L, Picanco Figueiredo, J, Pavani Alves, D, Iacopini, D, Giorgioni, M, Vannucchi, P, Silva de Moura, D, Hilario Bezerra, F, Vital, H, Rios, I & C.Molina, E 2016, 'Seismostratigraphy of the Ceará Plateau: Clues to Decipher the Cenozoic Evolution of Brazilian Equatorial Margin', Frontiers in Earth Science, vol. 4, 90. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2016.00090
Jovane, Luigi ; Picanco Figueiredo, Jorge ; Pavani Alves, Daniel ; Iacopini, David ; Giorgioni, Martino ; Vannucchi, Paola ; Silva de Moura, Denise ; Hilario Bezerra, Francisco ; Vital, Helenic ; Rios, Isabella ; C.Molina, Eder. / Seismostratigraphy of the Ceará Plateau : Clues to Decipher the Cenozoic Evolution of Brazilian Equatorial Margin. In: Frontiers in Earth Science. 2016 ; Vol. 4.
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title = "Seismostratigraphy of the Cear{\'a} Plateau: Clues to Decipher the Cenozoic Evolution of Brazilian Equatorial Margin",
abstract = "The Cear{\'a} Plateau offshore Fortaleza holds some particular characteristics when compared to the other seamounts of the Brazilian Equatorial Margin (BEM). Not only it is the largest and the closest to the continent, it is also located at the boundary between the continental and the oceanic crusts, while all the others seamounts along the BEM are located on oceanic crust. For this reasons, the Cear{\'a} Plateau represents a key area to study the stratigraphy of the region throughout proximal to deep ocean facies in relation to sea-level and oceanographic variations. Seismic interpretation is performed providing important stratigraphic features of the sedimentary pattern of the Cear{\'a} and Potiguar basins. Moreover, seismic imaging of the Cear{\'a} Plateau shows a “disorganized” interior, probably of volcanic origin, overlain by a series of horizontal seismic reflectors that can be interpreted as pelagic/hemipelagic sediments. As large uncertainties exist about the age of the initial formation of this seamount, three scenarios must be considered. If the age of the volcanic edifice is Coniacian (1), then the overlying pelagic/hemipelagic sedimentary succession can include an almost continuous record of the last ~90 Ma at the Equatorial Atlantic Ocean. In the case that the volcanic edifice is Eocene in age (2), the sedimentary sequence would still encompass the upper Paleogene and all the Neogene. There is also the possibility that the volcanic edifice was built during multiple magmatic events (3). In this case, it is likely that the sediments are interfingered with volcanic rocks at the edge of the structure. Although the age estimation (between Coniacian and Eocene) has an uncertainty of more than 40 Myr, the current interpretation is that it developed initially as a volcanic edifice, formed by a series of magmatic events that occurred between the Santonian and the Eocene. Since then, the topography has been leveled by pelagic/hemipelagic sedimentation. Whichever was the initial age, a continuous and constant sequence of sediments deposited onto the Cear{\'a} Plateau, at the same latitude, and thus under the same oceanographic conditions, for the last several tens of million years. This would candidate the Cear{\'a} Plateau as a suitable opportunity to record a long-term history of the Atlantic Equatorial Margin.",
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note = "This research is part of the projects of LJ: Ciencia do Mar II—CAPES, Paleoceanografia da Margem Equatorial Brasileira and of HV: IODP-CAPES—Geohazards e Tect{\^o}nica—A influ{\^e}ncia de zonas de fratura na reativa{\cc}{\~a}o de margens passivas: Margem Equatorial Brasileira. MG and LJ acknowledges the support of the Funda{\cc}{\~a}o de Amparo {\`a} Pesquisa do Estado de S{\~a}o Paulo (FAPESP process n. 2012/15995-5 and 2011/22018-3, respectively).",
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AU - Jovane, Luigi

AU - Picanco Figueiredo, Jorge

AU - Pavani Alves, Daniel

AU - Iacopini, David

AU - Giorgioni, Martino

AU - Vannucchi, Paola

AU - Silva de Moura, Denise

AU - Hilario Bezerra, Francisco

AU - Vital, Helenic

AU - Rios, Isabella

AU - C.Molina, Eder

N1 - This research is part of the projects of LJ: Ciencia do Mar II—CAPES, Paleoceanografia da Margem Equatorial Brasileira and of HV: IODP-CAPES—Geohazards e Tectônica—A influência de zonas de fratura na reativação de margens passivas: Margem Equatorial Brasileira. MG and LJ acknowledges the support of the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP process n. 2012/15995-5 and 2011/22018-3, respectively).

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N2 - The Ceará Plateau offshore Fortaleza holds some particular characteristics when compared to the other seamounts of the Brazilian Equatorial Margin (BEM). Not only it is the largest and the closest to the continent, it is also located at the boundary between the continental and the oceanic crusts, while all the others seamounts along the BEM are located on oceanic crust. For this reasons, the Ceará Plateau represents a key area to study the stratigraphy of the region throughout proximal to deep ocean facies in relation to sea-level and oceanographic variations. Seismic interpretation is performed providing important stratigraphic features of the sedimentary pattern of the Ceará and Potiguar basins. Moreover, seismic imaging of the Ceará Plateau shows a “disorganized” interior, probably of volcanic origin, overlain by a series of horizontal seismic reflectors that can be interpreted as pelagic/hemipelagic sediments. As large uncertainties exist about the age of the initial formation of this seamount, three scenarios must be considered. If the age of the volcanic edifice is Coniacian (1), then the overlying pelagic/hemipelagic sedimentary succession can include an almost continuous record of the last ~90 Ma at the Equatorial Atlantic Ocean. In the case that the volcanic edifice is Eocene in age (2), the sedimentary sequence would still encompass the upper Paleogene and all the Neogene. There is also the possibility that the volcanic edifice was built during multiple magmatic events (3). In this case, it is likely that the sediments are interfingered with volcanic rocks at the edge of the structure. Although the age estimation (between Coniacian and Eocene) has an uncertainty of more than 40 Myr, the current interpretation is that it developed initially as a volcanic edifice, formed by a series of magmatic events that occurred between the Santonian and the Eocene. Since then, the topography has been leveled by pelagic/hemipelagic sedimentation. Whichever was the initial age, a continuous and constant sequence of sediments deposited onto the Ceará Plateau, at the same latitude, and thus under the same oceanographic conditions, for the last several tens of million years. This would candidate the Ceará Plateau as a suitable opportunity to record a long-term history of the Atlantic Equatorial Margin.

AB - The Ceará Plateau offshore Fortaleza holds some particular characteristics when compared to the other seamounts of the Brazilian Equatorial Margin (BEM). Not only it is the largest and the closest to the continent, it is also located at the boundary between the continental and the oceanic crusts, while all the others seamounts along the BEM are located on oceanic crust. For this reasons, the Ceará Plateau represents a key area to study the stratigraphy of the region throughout proximal to deep ocean facies in relation to sea-level and oceanographic variations. Seismic interpretation is performed providing important stratigraphic features of the sedimentary pattern of the Ceará and Potiguar basins. Moreover, seismic imaging of the Ceará Plateau shows a “disorganized” interior, probably of volcanic origin, overlain by a series of horizontal seismic reflectors that can be interpreted as pelagic/hemipelagic sediments. As large uncertainties exist about the age of the initial formation of this seamount, three scenarios must be considered. If the age of the volcanic edifice is Coniacian (1), then the overlying pelagic/hemipelagic sedimentary succession can include an almost continuous record of the last ~90 Ma at the Equatorial Atlantic Ocean. In the case that the volcanic edifice is Eocene in age (2), the sedimentary sequence would still encompass the upper Paleogene and all the Neogene. There is also the possibility that the volcanic edifice was built during multiple magmatic events (3). In this case, it is likely that the sediments are interfingered with volcanic rocks at the edge of the structure. Although the age estimation (between Coniacian and Eocene) has an uncertainty of more than 40 Myr, the current interpretation is that it developed initially as a volcanic edifice, formed by a series of magmatic events that occurred between the Santonian and the Eocene. Since then, the topography has been leveled by pelagic/hemipelagic sedimentation. Whichever was the initial age, a continuous and constant sequence of sediments deposited onto the Ceará Plateau, at the same latitude, and thus under the same oceanographic conditions, for the last several tens of million years. This would candidate the Ceará Plateau as a suitable opportunity to record a long-term history of the Atlantic Equatorial Margin.

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KW - brazilian equatorial margin

KW - cenozoic

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