This paper studies MMC-based non-isolated DC/DC converter for DC transmission grids. The key design parameters including operating frequency and size of passive components are evaluated with the aim of ensuring DC fault tolerance and minimizing losses and size. An analytical model is used to perform parametric studies while detailed non-linear model is used for verification. The case study on 600MW, 320kV/250kV system reveals the narrow range of optimal cell capacitance and arm inductance while lower-side arms require substantially larger capacitors. With the targeted losses of 1.5%, and voltage ripple of ±5%, it is recommended to use around 150Hz operating frequency. For the offshore applications, higher frequency enables significantly smaller size with some increase in losses. The line inductor on the lowvoltage side should be much larger than the arm inductor and plays a key role in the dc fault responses.
- High power DC-DC converter
- DC Grids