Earlier work has demonstrated that attention is indirectly cognitively malleable by processes of self-association – processes by which agents explicitly associate an item with the self. We extend this work by considering the manipulation of attention to both salient and non-salient objects. We demonstrate that self-association impacts attentional processing not only of non-salient objects (i.e., shapes), but also regarding salient items known to command attention (i.e., images of food). This result indicates the flexibility and susceptibility of attentional processing to cognitive manipulation.
Sel, A., Sui, J., Shepherd, J., & Humphreys, G. (2019). Self-Association and Attentional Processing Regarding Perceptually Salient Items. Review of Philosophy and Psychology, 10, 735-746. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13164-018-0430-3