Self-esteem and memory

R. W. Tafarodi, Alan Berkeley Milne, T. C. Marshall

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    38 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This article describes two potential bases for memory bias associated with global self-esteem. According to the mood-congruence model, activation of either dimension of self-esteem (self-competence or self-liking) produces an affective state that facilitates retrieval of traces that are consistent with that state while hindering retrieval of traces that are inconsistent. According to the relevance model, activation of either dimension results in superior encoding of matching negative content by individuals who are low on the dimension. Three studies were conducted to determine which model best accounts for the pattern of bias across distinct content categories. Results were generally. consistent with the relevance model.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)29-45
    Number of pages16
    JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
    Volume84
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

    Keywords

    • RECOGNITION MEMORY
    • INDIVIDUALISM-COLLECTIVISM
    • INITIAL VALIDATION
    • SELECTIVE RECALL
    • SIGNAL DETECTION
    • EFFICACY SCALE
    • RESPONSE BIAS
    • DEPRESSION
    • CONSTRUCT
    • INFORMATION

    Cite this

    Tafarodi, R. W., Milne, A. B., & Marshall, T. C. (2003). Self-esteem and memory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(1), 29-45. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.84.1.29